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Whose job instability affects the likelihood of becoming a parent in Italy? A tale of two partners

Author

Listed:
  • Daniele Vignoli

    (Università degli Studi di Firenze)

  • Sven Drefahl

    (Stockholms Universitet)

  • Gustavo De Santis

    (Università degli Studi di Firenze)

Abstract

We examine the likelihood of becoming a parent in Italy taking into account the employment (in)stability of both partners in a couple. We use data from four waves of the Italian section of the EU-SILC (Statistics on Income and Living Condition), 2004-2007, accounting for its longitudinal nature. Overall, our results suggest that Italian couples are neither fully traditional nor entirely modern: the "first pillar" (i.e., a male partner with a stable and well-paid job) is still crucial in directing fertility decisions, because, in our interpretation, it gives the household a feeling of (relative) economic security. But this "old" family typology is becoming rare. Increasingly, both partners are employed, and in this case the characteristics of their employment prove important. A permanent occupation for both partners is associated with higher fertility, while alternative job typologies for either of the two depress fertility.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniele Vignoli & Sven Drefahl & Gustavo De Santis, 2012. "Whose job instability affects the likelihood of becoming a parent in Italy? A tale of two partners," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 26(2), pages 41-62, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:26:y:2012:i:2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    employment instability; first birth; income; Italy;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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