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Free Trade Agreements and their impact on Latin American migrations: An approach

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  • Ricardo Ernesto Buitrago R.

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Abstract

This paper aims to review the causes of internationalmigration and the potential impact of FTAs (Free TradeAgreements) on Latin American Migrations. Thefirst part describes the economic and non-economiccauses for migration. The second one shows the potentialimpact of FTAs in the economy (job creation/destruction by sectors) in CAFTA countries and Colombia.The last part shows that there is little correlationbetween the commercial openness (FTAs) andthe reduction of poverty. Poverty seems to be increasingin the studied countries -even more in thosewith the most open commercial regimens, than inthose with the most closed ones. Data proves thatopenness doesn´t reduce the poverty automatically;on the contrary, in some (regional or subregional) casesit increases and causes a major determinant of internationalmigration in Latin American countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Ricardo Ernesto Buitrago R., 2008. "Free Trade Agreements and their impact on Latin American migrations: An approach," REVISTA EQUIDAD Y DESARROLLO, UNIVERSIDAD DE LA SALLE, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000452:010192
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.19052/ed.262
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mortimore, Michael & Vergara, Sebastián & Katz, Jorge, 2001. "La competitividad internacional y el desarrollo nacional: implicancias para la política de inversión extranjera directa (IED) en América Latina," Desarrollo Productivo 107, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    2. Raff, Horst, 2004. "Preferential trade agreements and tax competition for foreign direct investment," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(12), pages 2745-2763, December.
    3. Waldkirch, Andreas, 2006. "The ‘New Regionalism’: Integration as a Commitment Device for Developing Countries," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 21, pages 397-425.
    4. Anthony J. Venables, 2003. "Winners and losers from regional integration agreements," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 113(490), pages 747-761, October.
    5. Borjas, George J, 1987. "Self-Selection and the Earnings of Immigrants," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(4), pages 531-553, September.
    6. Hatton, Timothy J. & Williamson, Jeffrey G., 1998. "The Age of Mass Migration: Causes and Economic Impact," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195116519.
    7. Stark, Oded & Taylor, J. Edward & Yitzhaki, Shlomo, 1988. "Migration, remittances and inequality : A sensitivity analysis using the extended Gini index," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 309-322, May.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    economic growth; free trade agreements; trade openness; migration; poverty;

    JEL classification:

    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • O42 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Monetary Growth Models
    • O49 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Other

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