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La rentabilidad desde la organización industrial: Una revisión de trabajos

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  • Javier Santiago Ortiz Correa

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Abstract

Resumen:El tema de la rentabilidad ha sido abordado desde diferentes tradiciones del análisis económico, en el presente artículo se presenta el análisis, que sobre la rentabilidad, realiza la teoría de la organización industrial. La organización industrial es la parte de la economía que estudia como se organizan los productores en los mercados; se ha desarrollado desde las vertientes clásicas, que resaltan la importancia del análisis a nivel de la industria para explicar las diferencias en los niveles de rentabilidad, hasta las propuestas neoclásicas y las estratégico-empresariales, que se fundamentan en el análisis de la firma y sus características. La evolución de este asunto es presentada haciendo referencia a algunos artículos que han utilizado la técnica de VARCOMP, un procedimiento estadístico que permite establecer la participación porcentual de ciertos factores, llamados efectos, en la varianza total de una variable. Este procedimiento fue retomado por el grupo de investigación en Economía y Empresa de la universidad EAFIT, en la línea de investigación de la política coyuntural de la empresa, para una muestra de empresas manufactureras en el período 1995-2000.Abstract:The issue of profits has been interpreted from different traditions of the economic analysis, this article presents the analysis made by the industrial organization theory. The industrial organization theory is the discipline of the economics that studies how the producers organize themselves in the structures of the market; its development comes from the classical strand, in which the industry level explains the differences between profits, to the neoclassical and strategic and management proposals, which are based on the firm characteristics. The evolution of this topic is presented making reference to some articles using the VARCOMP, a procedure that allows to establish the share of some factors, called effects", in the total variance of a variable. This procedure was taken by the group of research on economics and business, to apply it to a sample of manufacturing companies in Colombia, during the period 1995-2000."

Suggested Citation

  • Javier Santiago Ortiz Correa, 2003. "La rentabilidad desde la organización industrial: Una revisión de trabajos," Revista Ecos de Economía, Universidad EAFIT, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000442:010805
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    File URL: http://publicaciones.eafit.edu.co/index.php/ecos-economia/article/view/1997/2003
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Suman Basuroy & Dung Nguyen, 1998. "Multinomial Logit Market Share Models: Equilibrium Characteristics and Strategic Implications," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 44(10), pages 1396-1408, October.
    2. Alberto Jaramillo & Hugo Obando & Iván Darío Arroyave, 1996. "La política coyuntural de la empresa," Documentos de Trabajo CIEF 011136, Universidad EAFIT.
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    Keywords

    Rentabilidad; Organización Industrial ; VARCOMP.;

    JEL classification:

    • D20 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - General
    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory

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