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Segmentación laboral en Colombia durante el período 2001-2006

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  • Ana Cecilia Pedraza Avella

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Abstract

Partiendo del concepto de que el trabajo garantiza un ingreso y un espacio de desarrollo, hoy en día con el reforzamiento de la precariedad laboral se considera importante que los individuos no solamente estén empleados sino que sus ocupaciones sean de calidad. La problemática de acceder a los mejores empleos sería menos relevante si para hacerlo fueran suficientes mejoras en productividad laboral; sin embargo, otras complicaciones aparecen cuando existen además barreras de entrada diferentes a las de capital humano, tal como advierte la teoría de segmentación laboral. En este contexto, el presente documento tiene como objetivo mostrar la existencia de segmentación laboral en Colombia en el período 2001-2006. A través de diferentes modelos econométricos, se comprueba que usar la escala de las empresas para dividir dualmente el mercado de trabajo da lugar a un segmento primario y otro secundario, donde el primero agrupa las mejores ocupaciones y tiene restringido su acceso.

Suggested Citation

  • Ana Cecilia Pedraza Avella, 2011. "Segmentación laboral en Colombia durante el período 2001-2006," REVISTA CIFE, UNIVERSIDAD SANTO TOMÁS, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000195:012086
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    File URL: http://revistas.usantotomas.edu.co/index.php/cife/article/view/796
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Maloney, William F., 2004. "Informality Revisited," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 1159-1178, July.
    2. Martin L. Weitzman, 1989. "A Theory of Wage Dispersion and Job Market Segmentation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 104(1), pages 121-137.
    3. Bourguignon Francois, 1979. "Pobreza y dualismo en el sector urbano de las economías en desarrollo : El caso de Colombia," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, January.
    4. Gracia Orlando & Gustavo Hernández & Juan Mauricio Ramirez, 2001. "Diferenciales salariales y mercados laborales en la industria colombiana," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, September.
    5. Fields,Gary S., 2005. "A guide to multisector labor market models," Policy Research Working Paper Series 32547, The World Bank.
    6. José Ignacio Uribe & Carlos Humberto Ortiz & Gustavo Adolfo García, 2007. "La segmentación del mercado laboral colombiano en la década de los noventa," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 9(16), pages 189-221, January-J.
    7. Magnac, Th, 1991. "Segmented or Competitive Labor Markets," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(1), pages 165-187, January.
    8. Fields,Gary S., 2005. "A guide to multisector labor market models," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 32547, The World Bank.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Desempleo; segmentación laboral; calidad de trabajo; desocupados.;

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J42 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Monopsony; Segmented Labor Markets
    • J81 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Working Conditions
    • J82 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Labor Force Composition

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