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Diferenciales salariales y mercados laborales en la industria colombiana

  • Gracia Orlando


  • Gustavo Hernández


  • Juan Mauricio Ramirez

En este trabajo se analizan los diferenciales salariales intersectoriales en la industria, que son persistentes en el tiempo y no atribuibles exclusivamente a diferenciales en habilidades o condiciones laborales, como evidencia de la formaci�n no competitiva de los salarios. En esta direcci�n se estudia la relaci�n entre diferenciales salariales y caracter�sticas industriales, y se explora la hip�tesis de participaci�n de los trabajadores en las rentas como explicaci�n de esos diferenciales. Los resultados del trabajo muestran que una parte sustancial de los diferenciales salariales no se explica por diferencias en el capital humano o por caracter�sticas espec�ficas de los trabajadores. La persistencia de esos diferenciales significa que tampoco pueden ser atribuidos a choques sectoriales en condiciones de imperfecta movilidad del trabajo. Se encuentran, en cambio, evidencias de la participaci�n del trabajo en las rentas en sectores oligop�licos y con poder de mercado como factor explicativo de las diferencias en los salarios reales de los trabajadores.

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Volume (Year): (2001)
Issue (Month): (September)

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Handle: RePEc:col:000090:002348
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