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Diferenciales salariales y mercados laborales en la industria colombiana

Listed author(s):
  • Gracia Orlando


  • Gustavo Hernández


  • Juan Mauricio Ramirez

En este trabajo se analizan los diferenciales salariales intersectoriales en la industria, que son persistentes en el tiempo y no atribuibles exclusivamente a diferenciales en habilidades o condiciones laborales, como evidencia de la formación no competitiva de los salarios. En esta dirección se estudia la relación entre diferenciales salariales y características industriales, y se explora la hipótesis de participación de los trabajadores en las rentas como explicación de esos diferenciales. Los resultados del trabajo muestran que una parte sustancial de los diferenciales salariales no se explica por diferencias en el capital humano o por características específicas de los trabajadores. La persistencia de esos diferenciales significa que tampoco pueden ser atribuidos a choques sectoriales en condiciones de imperfecta movilidad del trabajo. Se encuentran, en cambio, evidencias de la participación del trabajo en las rentas en sectores oligopólicos y con poder de mercado como factor explicativo de las diferencias en los salarios reales de los trabajadores.

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Volume (Year): (2001)
Issue (Month): (September)

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Handle: RePEc:col:000090:002348
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