IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/col/000174/015706.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Globalización y desigualdad: evidencia en América Latina

Author

Listed:
  • Kristjanpoller Rodríguez, Werner

    ()

  • Contreras Collantes, Rocío

    ()

Abstract

Resumen: Este artículo investiga la relación entre globalización y desigualdad en doce economías latinoamericanas durante el periodo 2000-2013 mediante análisis de datos de panel. Con base en la importancia que da la literatura a la estructura de una economía, se dividieron los países según niveles de corrupción, educación, tamaño del país y apertura comercial. Los resultados sugieren que la apertura de mercado genera una disminución de la desigualdad, mientras que la inversión extranjera la aumenta. Estructuralmente, los países con mayor corrupción, mayor apertura de mercado y mayor tamaño aprovechan mejor las ventajas de la globalización con el fin de disminuir la desigualdad. Abstract: This study explores the relationship between globalization and income inequality in twelve Latin American economies during the period 2000-2013 using panel data analyses. Based on the importance that the literature gives to a country’s structure, the sample is grouped according to corruption levels, educational attainment levels, gross domestic product (GDP) and trade openness. The results show that higher trade openness generates a decrease in income inequality, while higher foreign direct investment increases it. Countries characterized by higher levels of corruption, trade openness and GDP take better advantage from globalization to decrease income inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Kristjanpoller Rodríguez, Werner & Contreras Collantes, Rocío, 2017. "Globalización y desigualdad: evidencia en América Latina," REVISTA LECTURAS DE ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE, issue 87, pages 9-33, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000174:015706
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://aprendeenlinea.udea.edu.co/revistas/index.php/lecturasdeeconomia/article/view/328407/20785260
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. L. ALAN WINTERS & NEIL McCULLOCH & ANDREW McKAY, 2015. "Trade Liberalization and Poverty: The Evidence So Far," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Non-Tariff Barriers, Regionalism and Poverty Essays in Applied International Trade Analysis, chapter 14, pages 271-314 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    2. M. Ayhan Kose & Eswar Prasad & Kenneth Rogoff & Shang-Jin Wei, 2009. "Financial Globalization: A Reappraisal," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 56(2), pages 143-197, June.
    3. Antonio Andres & Carlyn Ramlogan-Dobson, 2011. "Is Corruption Really Bad for Inequality? Evidence from Latin America," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(7), pages 959-976.
    4. Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg & Nina Pavcnik, 2007. "Distributional Effects of Globalization in Developing Countries," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 45(1), pages 39-82, March.
    5. J. Stiglitz, 1998. "More Instruments and Broader Goals: Moving toward the PostWashington Consensus," VOPROSY ECONOMIKI, N.P. Redaktsiya zhurnala "Voprosy Economiki", vol. 8.
    6. Rosenbluth, Guillermo, 1994. "Informalidad y pobreza en América Latina," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), April.
    7. Acharyya, Rajat, 2011. "A note on quantitative trade restrictions, income effects and wage inequality," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 2628-2633.
    8. Pesaran, M. Hashem, 2004. "General Diagnostic Tests for Cross Section Dependence in Panels," IZA Discussion Papers 1240, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    9. Asteriou, Dimitrios & Dimelis, Sophia & Moudatsou, Argiro, 2014. "Globalization and income inequality: A panel data econometric approach for the EU27 countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 592-599.
    10. Jalil, Abdul, 2012. "Modeling income inequality and openness in the framework of Kuznets curve: New evidence from China," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 309-315.
    11. Thorsten Beck & Asli Demirgüç-Kunt & Ross Levine, 2007. "Finance, inequality and the poor," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 27-49, March.
    12. Jeffrey M Wooldridge, 2010. "Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 2, volume 1, number 0262232588.
    13. Wu, Jyun-Yi & Hsu, Chih-Chiang, 2012. "Foreign direct investment and income inequality: Does the relationship vary with absorptive capacity?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 2183-2189.
    14. Angus C. Chu, 2010. "Effects of Patent Policy on Income and Consumption Inequality in a R&D Growth Model," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 77(2), pages 336-350, October.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    desigualdad; datos de panel; globalización financiera; inversión extranjera directa;

    JEL classification:

    • D30 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - General
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:col:000174:015706. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Laura Maria Posada Arboleda). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.