The socio-economic impact generated by the improvement of navigation condition on the Romanian-Bulgarian common sector of the Danube
The Danube River in Romania and Bulgaria is an important section of the Pan-European Transport Corridor number VII. The river connects the Black Sea with the hinterland from Romania and Bulgaria to Hungary, Austria, Germany, etc. However, in the periods of summer–autumn, the water flows are decreasing considerably on this river section, resulting in difficult navigation conditions. In the main branch of the Danube, the minimum depth for navigation is not met everywhere, resulting in dangerous navigational conditions and economic uncertainty about this transport route. The reasons for this very unfavourable situation for navigation are mainly related to morphological and hydrological phenomena. The project named "Technical Assistance for Improvement of Navigation Conditions on the Romanian – Bulgarian common sector of the Danube and accompanying studies" is part of the more global Danube navigability project in order to improve the Pan- European Corridor no. VII as it aims to improve the navigability of the Danube River in such a way that it will answer to the needs of the national transport policy of Romania as well as the countries’ international commitments. The impact on the socio-economic environment will be analysed for the following section on the Danube River: Iron Gate II to Romanian/Bulgarian border at Calarasi – Silistra, where previous studies have identified a number of specific navigational constraints. After completing the investment works in the sites from critical sectors for navigation, the impact will be positively, both from economic and social point of view. Positive effects begin to occur during the construction period when the works are finalized in each site. Carrying out the proposed works contribute to fulfil the obligation from the Convention on navigation regime on the Danube, which provides the commitment of the Danube states to maintain their sectors on the Danube, under navigability conditions for inland ships, and to execute the works necessary to ensure and improve the navigation conditions
Volume (Year): 15 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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