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Incertidumbre Externa sobre la Economía Chilena

  • Yan Carrière-Swallow
  • Carlos A. Medel V.

Literatura reciente ha establecido que aumentos repentinos en el nivel de incertidumbre global generan caídas de la actividad alrededor del mundo. Trabajos teóricos predicen que no todos los sectores de las economías deberían verse afectados de la misma manera. En este trabajo se estima el impacto de shocks de incertidumbre globales (i.e. un fuerte incremento en la volatilidad del mercado accionario estadounidense) sobre sectores de la economía chilena y peruana. Mediante vectores autorregresivos se encuentra que la caída del PIB alcanza 1,7 y 1,0% respecto al crecimiento de su tendencia, para Chile y Perú respectivamente, ambas cercanas a los 3 trimestres siguientes de ocurrido el shock. A nivel sectorial, en Chile la caída más pronunciada se observa en el sector construcción (cerca de -4,0 %), mientras que por el lado de la demanda es el consumo durable (alrededor de -7,0 %) y maquinarias y equipos (-10,0 %). Para el caso peruano, se destacan la caída de la inversión (-4,5 %) por el lado de la demanda, y del sector manufacturero (-4,0 %) por el lado de la oferta.

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Article provided by Central Bank of Chile in its journal Economía Chilena: Notas de Investigación Técnica.

Volume (Year): 14 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 (December)
Pages: 75-82

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Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchni:v:14:y:2011:i:3:p:75-82
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  1. Nicholas Bloom, 2007. "The Impact of Uncertainty Shocks," NBER Working Papers 13385, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. John Van Reenen & Nick Bloom & Steve Bond, 2006. "Uncertainty and investment dynamics," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 2645, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  3. Nicholas Bloom & Max Floetotto & Nir Jaimovich & Itay Saporta-Eksten & Stephen J. Terry, 2012. "Really Uncertain Business Cycles," NBER Working Papers 18245, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Carrière-Swallow, Yan & Medel, Carlos, 2011. "Incertidumbre Global sobre el Pacífico Sur," Working Papers 2011-016, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  5. repec:bla:restud:v:74:y:2007:i:2:p:391-415 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Avinash Dixit, 1992. "Investment and Hysteresis," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 6(1), pages 107-132, Winter.
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