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Fintech and Big Tech Credit: What Explains the Rise of Digital Lending?


  • Giulio Cornelli
  • Jon Frost
  • Leonardo Gambacorta
  • Raghavendra Rau
  • Robert Wardrop
  • Tania Ziegler


Credit markets around the world are undergoing a deep transformation. Fintech and big tech firms are providing more lending to households and small businesses. A new database estimates that fintech credit flows reached USD 223 billion in 2019, while big tech credit reached USD 572 billion. What explains their growth? Both fintech and big tech credit are larger with higher GDP per capita (at a declining rate), higher banking sector mark-ups and less stringent banking regulation. Both are higher where economic and institutional factors favor the supply of such lending. The Covid-19 pandemic represents an important test for these new forms of credit.

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  • Giulio Cornelli & Jon Frost & Leonardo Gambacorta & Raghavendra Rau & Robert Wardrop & Tania Ziegler, 2021. "Fintech and Big Tech Credit: What Explains the Rise of Digital Lending?," CESifo Forum, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 22(02), pages 30-34, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifofor:v:22:y:2021:i:02:p:30-34

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Miguel de la Mano & Jorge Padilla, 2018. "Big Tech Banking," Journal of Competition Law and Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(4), pages 494-526.
    2. René M. Stulz, 2019. "FinTech, BigTech, and the Future of Banks," Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, Morgan Stanley, vol. 31(4), pages 86-97, December.
    3. Giulio Cornelli & Jon Frost & Leonardo Gambacorta & Raghavendra Rau & Robert Wardrop & Tania Ziegler, 2020. "Fintech and big tech credit: a new database," BIS Working Papers 887, Bank for International Settlements.
    4. Buchak, Greg & Matvos, Gregor & Piskorski, Tomasz & Seru, Amit, 2018. "Fintech, regulatory arbitrage, and the rise of shadow banks," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 130(3), pages 453-483.
    5. Majid Bazarbash & Ms. Kimberly Beaton, 2020. "Filling the Gap: Digital Credit and Financial Inclusion," IMF Working Papers 2020/150, International Monetary Fund.
    6. Jon Frost & Leonardo Gambacorta & Yi Huang & Hyun Song Shin & Pablo Zbinden, 2019. "BigTech and the changing structure of financial intermediation," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 34(100), pages 761-799.
    7. Stijn Claessens & Jon Frost & Grant Turner & Feng Zhu, 2018. "Fintech credit markets around the world: size, drivers and policy issues," BIS Quarterly Review, Bank for International Settlements, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Guma Ali & Mussa Ally Dida & Anael Elikana Sam, 2021. "A Secure and Efficient Multi-Factor Authentication Algorithm for Mobile Money Applications," Future Internet, MDPI, vol. 13(12), pages 1-31, November.
    2. Itzhak Ben-David & Mark J. Johnson & René M. Stulz, 2021. "Why Did Small Business FinTech Lending Dry Up During the COVID-19 Crisis?," NBER Working Papers 29205, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Shafiq Ur Rehman & Mustafa Al-Shaikh & Patrick Bernard Washington & Ernesto Lee & Ziheng Song & Ibrahim A. Abu-AlSondos & Maha Shehadeh & Mahmoud Allahham, 2023. "FinTech Adoption in SMEs and Bank Credit Supplies: A Study on Manufacturing SMEs," Economies, MDPI, vol. 11(8), pages 1-15, August.

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