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Le RSA : redistribution vers les travailleurs pauvres et offre de travail


  • Guillaume Allègre


The RSA follows two objectives: to increase the living standard of the working poor and to eliminate inactivity traps that result from low financial incentives to work. Because of its familialized nature, the RSA targets relatively well the poorest workers but also creates ambiguous effects in terms of financial incentives. We estimate the redistributive and incentive effects by microsimulation. We find that 65% of ?RSA activity? benefits are perceived by households in the first two deciles of living standards; nearly 400 000 individuals could surpass the poverty threshold. We also consider the impact of RSA activity on the labour supply of women: participation would be reduced by 12 000. In conclusion, we consider ways to reform the RSA. JEL classification: D31, J22, H23, H31

Suggested Citation

  • Guillaume Allègre, 2011. "Le RSA : redistribution vers les travailleurs pauvres et offre de travail," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 33-61.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_118_0033

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bargain, Olivier & Orsini, Kristian, 2006. "In-work policies in Europe: Killing two birds with one stone?," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 667-697, December.
    2. Guillaume Allegre & Hélène Périvier, 2005. "Pauvreté et activité : vers quelle équation sociale ?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/3467, Sciences Po.
    3. Jean-Luc Outin, 2008. "RMI et indemnisation du chômage," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00181314, HAL.
    4. Guillaume Allègre, 2010. "L'expérimentation du revenu de solidarité active entre objectifs scientifiques et politiques," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(2), pages 59-90.
    5. Jean-Luc Outin, 2008. "RMI et indemnisation du chômage," Post-Print halshs-00181314, HAL.
    6. Nicolas Gravel & Cyrille Hagneré & Nathalie Picard & Alain Trannoy, 2001. "Une évaluation de l'impact incitatif et redistributif d'une réforme des minima sociaux," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 16(1), pages 125-167.
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    Cited by:

    1. Guillaume Allegre, 2014. "How can a basic income be defended?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/25qafebie49, Sciences Po.
    2. Guillaume Allegre, 2013. "Comment peut-on défendre un revenu de base ?," Post-Print hal-00972862, HAL.
    3. Guillaume Allegre & Nicolas Duvoux & Bruno Palier & Bernard Gomel & Dominique Méda & Etienne Wasmer, 2014. "Quelle réforme pour le revenu de solidarité active et la Prime pour l'emploi ?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/1p20hvg1go8, Sciences Po.
    4. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6ggbvnr6munghes9oehj92o15 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    RSA; microsimulation; redistribution; in-work benefit; labour supply;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household


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