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Le RSA : redistribution vers les travailleurs pauvres et offre de travail

  • Guillaume Allègre

The RSA follows two objectives: to increase the living standard of the working poor and to eliminate inactivity traps that result from low financial incentives to work. Because of its familialized nature, the RSA targets relatively well the poorest workers but also creates ambiguous effects in terms of financial incentives. We estimate the redistributive and incentive effects by microsimulation. We find that 65% of ?RSA activity? benefits are perceived by households in the first two deciles of living standards; nearly 400 000 individuals could surpass the poverty threshold. We also consider the impact of RSA activity on the labour supply of women: participation would be reduced by 12 000. In conclusion, we consider ways to reform the RSA. JEL classification: D31, J22, H23, H31

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Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

Volume (Year): n° 118 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 33-61

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Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_118_0033
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  1. Guillaume Allègre, 2009. "L’expérimentation du revenu de solidarité active entre objectifs scientifiques et politiques," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2009-36, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  2. Bargain, Olivier & Orsini, Kristian, 2004. "In-Work Policies in Europe: Killing Two Birds with One Stone?," IZA Discussion Papers 1445, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Alain Trannoy & Nicolas Gravel & Cyrille Hagneré & Nathalie Picard, 2001. "Une évaluation de l'impact incitatif et redistributif d'une réforme des minima sociaux," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 16(1), pages 125-167.
  4. Guillaume Allegre & Hélène Périvier-Timbeau, 2005. "Pauvreté et activité : vers quelle équation sociale ?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/3467, Sciences Po.
  5. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00181314 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Jean-Luc Outin, 2008. "RMI et indemnisation du chômage," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00181314, HAL.
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