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Do Fans Matter? The Effect of Attendance on the Outcomes of Major League Baseball Games

Listed author(s):
  • Smith Erin E

    (New York University)

  • Groetzinger Jon D.

    (SeatGeek)

Registered author(s):

    We examine the role of attendance in home-field advantage for Major League Baseball, using a dataset of all MLB games played from 1996 to 2005. Using two-stage least squares, we find that attendance has a significant effect on the home-field advantage. Our results indicate that a one standard deviation increase in attendance results in a 4% increase in the likelihood of a home team win. We also find that if attendance as a percent of stadium capacity were to increase by 48%, we would expect the home team's run differential to increase by one run. We show that the additional home-field advantage is driven by increased home team performance.

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    File URL: https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/jqas.2010.6.1/jqas.2010.6.1.1192/jqas.2010.6.1.1192.xml?format=INT
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    Article provided by De Gruyter in its journal Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports.

    Volume (Year): 6 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 1 (January)
    Pages: 1-24

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    Handle: RePEc:bpj:jqsprt:v:6:y:2010:i:1:n:4
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    References listed on IDEAS
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    1. Jeffery Borland, 2003. "Demand for Sport," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(4), pages 478-502, Winter.
    2. McDonald, Mark & Rascher, Daniel, 2000. "Does Bat Day Make Cents? The Effect of Promotions on the Demand for Major League Baseball," MPRA Paper 25739, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Rodney Fort & James Quirk, 1995. "Cross-subsidization, Incentives, and Outcomes in Professional Team Sports Leagues," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(3), pages 1265-1299, September.
    4. Donald L. Alexander, 2001. "Major League Baseball: Monopoly Pricing and Profit-Maximizing Behavior," Journal of Sports Economics, The North American Association of Sports Economists, vol. 2(4), pages 341-355, November.
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