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The Determinants of Cross‐border M&As: The Role of Institutions and Financial Development in the Gravity Model

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  • Hea‐Jung Hyun
  • Hyuk Hwang Kim

Abstract

This paper examines the macroeconomic determinants of cross‐border mergers and acquisitions (M&As). Using a panel dataset of bilateral M&A deal values for 101 countries for 17 years ranging from 1989 to 2005, we investigate both home and host‐country factors that may play an important role in determining the size and direction of M&A flows. Overall, the empirical results suggest that legal and institutional quality and financial market development increase M&A volume across borders. The significant effect of institutions, however, may disappear for transactions between countries in similar stages of the development.

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  • Hea‐Jung Hyun & Hyuk Hwang Kim, 2010. "The Determinants of Cross‐border M&As: The Role of Institutions and Financial Development in the Gravity Model," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(2), pages 292-310, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:worlde:v:33:y:2010:i:2:p:292-310
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9701.2009.01224.x
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    Cited by:

    1. Desbordes, Rodolphe & Wei, Shang-Jin, 2017. "The effects of financial development on foreign direct investment," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 127(C), pages 153-168.
    2. Dowling, Michael & Vanwalleghem, Dieter, 2018. "Gulf Cooperation Council cross-border M&A: Institutional determinants of target nation selection," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 471-489.
    3. Lina M. Cortés & Iván A. Durán & Sandra Gaitán & Mateo Vasco, 2017. "Mergers and Acquisitions in Latin America: Industrial Productivity and Corporate Governance," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 53(10), pages 2179-2198, October.
    4. Norring, Anni, 2019. "Macroprudential policy spillovers and international banking - Taking the gravity approach," ESRB Working Paper Series 101, European Systemic Risk Board.
    5. Ron Boschma & Emanuela Marrocu & Raffaele Paci, 2016. "Symmetric and asymmetric effects of proximities. The case of M&A deals in Italy," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(2), pages 505-535.
    6. Alessandro Barattieri & Ingo Borchert & Aaditya Mattoo, 2016. "Cross-border mergers and acquisitions in services: The role of policy and industrial structure," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 49(4), pages 1470-1501, November.
    7. Ronald B. Davies & Rodolphe Desbordes & Anna Ray, 2015. "Greenfield versus Merger & Acquisition FDI: Same Wine, Different Bottles?," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-01122659, HAL.
    8. Maria Chiara Di Guardo & Emanuela Marrocu & Raffaele Paci, 2016. "The Concurrent Impact of Cultural, Political, and Spatial Distances on International Mergers and Acquisitions," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 39(6), pages 824-852, June.
    9. Mateo Vasco & Lina M. Cortés & Sandra C. Gaitán & Iván A. Durán, 2012. "Aplicación del modelo gravitacional al impacto del gobierno corporativo en las fusiones y adquisiciones en Latinoamérica," Documentos de Trabajo CIEF 010709, Universidad EAFIT.
    10. Eidenmüller, Horst & Engert, Andreas & Hornuf, Lars, 2015. "Where do firms issue debt? An empirical analysis of issuer location and regulatory competition in Europe," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 103-115.
    11. Chen, Charles J.P. & Ding, Yuan & Xu, Bin, 2014. "Convergence of accounting standards and foreign direct investment," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 53-86.
    12. Mercedes Campi & Marco Duenas & Matteo Barigozzi & Giorgio Fagiolo, 2016. "Do Intellectual Property Rights Influence Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions ?," LEM Papers Series 2016/28, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    13. Xie, En & Reddy, K.S. & Liang, Jie, 2017. "Country-specific determinants of cross-border mergers and acquisitions: A comprehensive review and future research directions," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 127-183.
    14. Michael, Bryane & Wojick, Dariusz & Arner, Douglas W. & Tong, Wilson & Lin, Chen & Zhao, Simon, 2015. "What Determines M&A Legal and Financial Advisors’ Competitiveness in an International Financial Centre: Using China’s Going Out Policy as a Natural Experiment," EconStor Preprints 110603, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    15. Josipa Visic, 2012. "Evidence of Fire-Sale M&A in European Transition Countries," Managing Global Transitions, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 10(4 (Winter), pages 325-340.
    16. M. Del Gatto & C.S. Mastinu, 2016. "Sequentiality and Distance(s) in Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions: Evidence from Micro Data," Working Paper CRENoS 201616, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
    17. Aidi WAFA & Mohamed AYADI, "undated". "What Effect Exerts Sequencing of International Liberalization on Regional Financial Stability?," EcoMod2010 259600169, EcoMod.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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