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Bilateral versus Multilateral Trade and Investment Liberalisation


  • Peter Egger
  • Mario Larch
  • Michael Pfaffermayr


To assess the welfare effects of bilateral versus multilateral trade and/or investment liberalisation in general equilibrium, we set up a three-country and three-factor knowledge-capital model of trade and multinational activity. Numerical simulation results indicate that multilateral liberalisation tends to dominate bilateral liberalisation in welfare terms. A transition economy tends to prefer bilateral over multilateral liberalisation to avoid plant relocation. For similar reasons, a developed country may prefer bilateral over multilateral liberalisation, if the other economies exhibit big relative factor endowment differences. Copyright 2007 The Authors Journal compilation 2007 Blackwell Publishing Ltd .

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  • Peter Egger & Mario Larch & Michael Pfaffermayr, 2007. "Bilateral versus Multilateral Trade and Investment Liberalisation," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(4), pages 567-596, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:worlde:v:30:y:2007:i:4:p:567-596

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Fritz Breuss, 2010. "Globalisation, EU enlargement and income distribution," International Journal of Public Policy, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 6(1/2), pages 16-34.
    2. Egger Peter & Wamser Georg, 2013. "Effects of the Endogenous Scope of Preferentialism on International Goods Trade," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 13(2), pages 709-731, July.
    3. Peter Egger & Georg Wamser, 2011. "Der Nutzen unterschiedlicher Arten von internationalen Wirtschaftsabkommen," KOF Analysen, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, vol. 5(2), pages 63-72, June.

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