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Wildlife Management In Zimbabwe: Evidence From A Contingent Valuation Study

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  • Edwin Muchapondwa
  • Fredrik Carlsson
  • Gunnar Köhlin

Abstract

If communities living adjacent to the elephant see it as a burden, then they cannot be its stewards. To assess their valuation of it, a contingent valuation method study was conducted for one CAMPFIRE district in Zimbabwe. Respondents were classified according to their preferences over the elephant. The median willingness to pay for the preservation of 200 elephants is ZW$260 ("US$4.73") for respondents who considered the elephant a public good and ZW$137 ("US$2.49") for those favouring its translocation. The preservation of 200 elephants yields an annual net worth of ZW$10,828 ("US$196") to CAMPFIRE households. However, the majority of households (62%) do not support elephant preservation. This is one argument against devolution of elephant conservation. External transfers constitute one way of providing additional economic incentives to local communities. Copyright (c) 2008 The Author. Journal compilation (c) 2008 Economic Society of South Africa.

Suggested Citation

  • Edwin Muchapondwa & Fredrik Carlsson & Gunnar Köhlin, 2008. "Wildlife Management In Zimbabwe: Evidence From A Contingent Valuation Study," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 76(4), pages 685-704, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:sajeco:v:76:y:2008:i:4:p:685-704
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Haab, Timothy C. & McConnell, Kenneth E., 1997. "Referendum Models and Negative Willingness to Pay: Alternative Solutions," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 251-270, February.
    2. K hlin, Gunnar, 2001. "Contingent valuation in project planning and evaluation: the case of social forestry in Orissa, India," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(02), pages 237-258, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Dikgang, Johane & Muchapondwa, Edwin, 2012. "The valuation of biodiversity conservation by the South African Khomani San “bushmen” community," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 7-14.

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