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Institutional Determinants of Financial Development in MENA countries

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  • Mondher Cherif
  • Christian Dreger

Abstract

Developed and well regulated financial markets are usually seen as a precondition for an efficient allocation of resources and can foster long term economic growth. This paper explores the institutional determinants for financial development in the countries of the Middle East and North African (MENA) region. Institutional conditions are from the International Country Risk Guide. Paneleconometric techniques are applied to assess the development in the banking sector and the stock market. As a main finding, institutional conditions are important in both financial segments, even after controlling for standard macroeconomic determinants and fixed effects. For the banking sector, corruption seems to be most decisive. For the stock market, the impact of corruption and law and order appear to be relevant. While per capita income and inflation do not seem to play a vital role, openess to foreign trade is quite important for all areas of financial development. Hence, Overall, faster real economic integration is of key policy priority to improve financial development as a condition for higher GDP growth. Better law and enforcement practices and anti corruption policies are strategies to accompany this process.
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Suggested Citation

  • Mondher Cherif & Christian Dreger, 2016. "Institutional Determinants of Financial Development in MENA countries," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(3), pages 670-680, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:rdevec:v:20:y:2016:i:3:p:670-680
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/rode.12192
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    1. repec:gam:jijfss:v:6:y:2018:i:2:p:55-:d:149599 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:eee:ecanpo:v:55:y:2017:i:c:p:106-123 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:rej:journl:v:19:y:2016:i:61:p:211-226 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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