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Do the Falling Earnings of Immigrants Apply to Self-employed Immigrants?


  • Marc Frenette


It is well known that the earnings of recent cohorts of immigrant men have fallen further behind native-born men. Using several years of Canadian Census data, this study finds that immigrants have turned to self-employment at a much faster rate than the native born. In addition, the earnings gap between self-employed immigrant and native-born men has not grown with successive cohorts, but rather has followed a cyclical movement: narrowing at the peak, and widening in times of weaker economic activity. However, immigrants choosing self-employment still face challenges, as their earnings are far below native-born earnings, and convergence is a lengthy process. Copyright 2004 Blackwell Publishing Ltd..

Suggested Citation

  • Marc Frenette, 2004. "Do the Falling Earnings of Immigrants Apply to Self-employed Immigrants?," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 18(2), pages 207-232, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:labour:v:18:y:2004:i:2:p:207-232

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