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East Meets West: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Charismatic Leadership Among Canadian and Iranian Executives


  • Mansour Javidan
  • Dale E. Carl


This study first develops an empirically based Western charismatic leadership profile. Using confirmatory factor analysis, the profile is compared with a profile of Iranian managers. The results demonstrate that despite major cultural differences in the two countries, there are core similarities in the profiles across the two cultures. The Canadian charismatic profile of vision, tenacity, intellectual challenge, self-sacrifice, and eloquence is substantially confirmed within the Iranian sample. But we also show that Iranian managers' ratings are significantly lower than those of the Canadian managers, indicating potentially different behavioural manifestations. The paper speculates that while the differences are probably due to cultural differences, the similarities may be due to universal intrinsic human desire for morality, autonomy, and achievement. Copyright Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2004.

Suggested Citation

  • Mansour Javidan & Dale E. Carl, 2004. "East Meets West: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Charismatic Leadership Among Canadian and Iranian Executives," Journal of Management Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(4), pages 665-691, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jomstd:v:41:y:2004:i:4:p:665-691

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    Cited by:

    1. Ebrahim Soltani & Jawad Syed & Ying-Ying Liao & Abdullah Iqbal, 2015. "Managerial Mindsets Toward Corporate Social Responsibility: The Case of Auto Industry in Iran," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 129(4), pages 795-810, July.
    2. Ebrahim Soltani & Jawad Syed & Ying-Ying Liao & Nasrollah Shahi-Sough, 2012. "Tackling one-sidedness in equality and diversity research: Characteristics of the current dominant approach to managing diverse workgroups in Iran," Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Springer, vol. 29(1), pages 9-37, March.
    3. Alvarez-Gil, M Jose & Berrone, Pascual & Husillos, F. Javier & Lado, Nora, 2007. "Reverse logistics, stakeholders' influence, organizational slack, and managers' posture," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 60(5), pages 463-473, May.
    4. repec:pal:jintbs:v:48:y:2017:i:5:d:10.1057_s41267-016-0030-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Soltani, Ebrahim & Wilkinson, Adrian, 2011. "The Razor's edge: Managing MNC affiliates in Iran," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 46(4), pages 462-475, October.
    6. repec:mgt:youmgt:v:15:y:2017:i:3:p:215-230 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:eee:joreco:v:18:y:2011:i:1:p:46-57 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Castaño, Nathalie & Sully de Luque, Mary F. & Wernsing, Tara & Ogliastri, Enrique & Shemueli, Rachel Gabel & Fuchs, Rosa María & Robles-Flores, José Antonio, 2015. "El Jefe: Differences in expected leadership behaviors across Latin American countries," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 50(3), pages 584-597.
    9. Qinxuan Gu & Thomas Tang & Wan Jiang, 2015. "Does Moral Leadership Enhance Employee Creativity? Employee Identification with Leader and Leader–Member Exchange (LMX) in the Chinese Context," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 126(3), pages 513-529, February.

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