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How Much Does Expertise Reduce Behavioral Biases? The Case of Anchoring Effects in Stock Return Estimates

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  • Markku Kaustia
  • Eeva Alho
  • Vesa Puttonen

Abstract

"We use data from surveys involving 300 Scandinavian financial market professionals and 213 university students to conduct three controlled experiments in which we manipulate the background information given to subjects. We find a very large anchoring effect in the students' long-term stock return expectations, that is, their estimates are influenced by an initial starting value. Professionals show a much smaller anchoring effect, but it nevertheless remains statistically and economically significant, even when we restrict the sample to more experienced professionals. We also find that the professionals are not conscious of the impact of historical returns on their expectations." Copyright (c) 2008 Financial Management Association International..

Suggested Citation

  • Markku Kaustia & Eeva Alho & Vesa Puttonen, 2008. "How Much Does Expertise Reduce Behavioral Biases? The Case of Anchoring Effects in Stock Return Estimates," Financial Management, Financial Management Association International, vol. 37(3), pages 391-412, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:finmgt:v:37:y:2008:i:3:p:391-412
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Magron, Camille & Merli, Maxime, 2015. "Repurchase behavior of individual investors, sophistication and regret," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 15-26.
    2. Jetter, Michael & Walker, Jay K., 2016. "Anchoring in Financial Decision-Making: Evidence from the Field," IZA Discussion Papers 10151, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Liu, Hsing & Liao, Chi-Yo & Ko, Jing-Yuan & Lih, Jiann-Shing, 2017. "Anchoring effect on first passage process in Taiwan financial market," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 477(C), pages 114-127.
    4. Siddiqi, Hammad, 2014. "Anchoring Heuristic in Option Prices," MPRA Paper 66018, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 Jul 2015.
    5. repec:eee:riibaf:v:43:y:2018:i:c:p:90-98 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Barrot, Jean-Noel & Kaniel, Ron & Sraer, David, 2016. "Are retail traders compensated for providing liquidity?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 120(1), pages 146-168.
    7. Siddiqi, Hammad, 2015. "Anchoring Heuristic in Option Pricing," Risk and Sustainable Management Group Working Papers 207677, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
    8. McAlvanah, Patrick & Moul, Charles C., 2013. "The house doesn’t always win: Evidence of anchoring among Australian bookies," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 87-99.
    9. repec:spr:jbecon:v:87:y:2017:i:5:d:10.1007_s11573-017-0853-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Siddiqi, Hammad, 2015. "Anchoring and Adjustment Heuristic in Option Pricing," MPRA Paper 68595, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Roth, Benjamin & Voskort, Andrea, 2014. "Stereotypes and false consensus: How financial professionals predict risk preferences," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 107(PB), pages 553-565.
    12. repec:eee:jeborg:v:141:y:2017:i:c:p:164-176 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Dorow, Anderson & Da Costa Jr, Newton & Takase, Emilio & Prates, Wlademir & Da Silva, Sergio, 2017. "On the neural substrates of the disposition effect and return performance," MPRA Paper 83354, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Bhootra, Ajay & Hur, Jungshik, 2013. "The timing of 52-week high price and momentum," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(10), pages 3773-3782.
    15. Chang, Chuang-Chang & Chao, Ching-Hsiang & Yeh, Jin-Huei, 2016. "The role of buy-side anchoring bias: Evidence from the real estate market," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 34-58.
    16. Camille Magron & Maxime Merli, 2012. "Stocks repurchase and sophistication of individual investors," Working Papers of LaRGE Research Center 2012-02, Laboratoire de Recherche en Gestion et Economie (LaRGE), Université de Strasbourg.
    17. Liao, Li-Chuan & Chou, Ray Yeutien & Chiu, Banghan, 2013. "Anchoring effect on foreign institutional investors’ momentum trading behavior: Evidence from the Taiwan stock market," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 72-91.
    18. Hammad, Siddiqi, 2015. "Index Option Returns from an Anchoring Perspective," MPRA Paper 65331, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Pereira Reichhardt, Joaquín & Iqbal, Tabassum, 2014. "Investment Decisions: Are we fully-Rational?," MPRA Paper 57686, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Hayley, Simon & Marsh, Ian W., 2016. "What do retail FX traders learn?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 16-38.

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