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Négociation salariale en Europe : des modèles différents, de plus en plus décentralisés depuis la crise


  • Clémence Berson
  • Edouard Jousselin


Il n’existe pas de modèle européen unique de la négociation salariale. Elle s’effectue entre partenaires sociaux au niveau national ou régional dans les pays nordiques. C’est aussi le cas en Allemagne malgré une décentralisation des négociations salariales au niveau des branches et des entreprises amorcée au début des années 2000. En Belgique, en Espagne, voire en Italie, le gouvernement intervient parfois fortement dans les négociations. La France et le Portugal connaissent un niveau de négociation moins centralisé, mais le salaire minimum, fixé par le gouvernement, peut avoir un impact important sur les salaires négociés. Depuis la crise, on constate une tendance générale à la décentralisation de la négociation, permettant une meilleure adaptation des entreprises à la situation économique.

Suggested Citation

  • Clémence Berson & Edouard Jousselin, 2018. "Négociation salariale en Europe : des modèles différents, de plus en plus décentralisés depuis la crise," Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 217, pages 1-9.
  • Handle: RePEc:bfr:bullbf:2018:217:02

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. E. Gautier & D. Fougère & S. Roux, 2016. "The Impact of the National Minimum Wage on Industry-Level Wage Bargaining in France," Working papers 587, Banque de France.
    2. Toke Aidt & Zafiris Tzannatos, 2002. "Unions and Collective Bargaining : Economic Effects in a Global Environment," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15241.
    3. repec:adr:anecst:y:1991:i:23:p:01 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Antonia López-Villavicencio & Sophie Saglio, 2017. "The Wage Inflation-Unemployment Curve at the Macroeconomic Level," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 79(1), pages 55-78, February.
    5. Pierre Cahuc & André Zylberberg, 1991. "Niveaux de négociations salariales et performances macroéconomiques," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 23, pages 1-12.
    6. repec:adr:anecst:y:1991:i:23 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. C. Jadeau & E. Jousselin & S. Roux & G. Verdugo, 2015. "The behaviour of French Firms during the Crisis: Evidence from the Wage Dynamics Network Survey," Working papers 574, Banque de France.
    8. Jimeno, Juan F. & Thomas, Carlos, 2013. "Collective bargaining, firm heterogeneity and unemployment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 63-79.
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    JEL classification:

    • D14 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Saving; Personal Finance
    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers


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