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Négociation salariale en Europe : des modèles différents, de plus en plus décentralisés depuis la crise

Author

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  • Clémence Berson
  • Edouard Jousselin

Abstract

Il n’existe pas de modèle européen unique de la négociation salariale. Elle s’effectue entre partenaires sociaux au niveau national ou régional dans les pays nordiques. C’est aussi le cas en Allemagne malgré une décentralisation des négociations salariales au niveau des branches et des entreprises amorcée au début des années 2000. En Belgique, en Espagne, voire en Italie, le gouvernement intervient parfois fortement dans les négociations. La France et le Portugal connaissent un niveau de négociation moins centralisé, mais le salaire minimum, fixé par le gouvernement, peut avoir un impact important sur les salaires négociés. Depuis la crise, on constate une tendance générale à la décentralisation de la négociation, permettant une meilleure adaptation des entreprises à la situation économique.

Suggested Citation

  • Clémence Berson & Edouard Jousselin, 2018. "Négociation salariale en Europe : des modèles différents, de plus en plus décentralisés depuis la crise," Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 217, pages 1-9.
  • Handle: RePEc:bfr:bullbf:2018:217:02
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. E. Gautier & D. Fougère & S. Roux, 2016. "The Impact of the National Minimum Wage on Industry-Level Wage Bargaining in France," Working papers 587, Banque de France.
    2. Toke Aidt & Zafiris Tzannatos, 2002. "Unions and Collective Bargaining : Economic Effects in a Global Environment," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15241.
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    4. Antonia López-Villavicencio & Sophie Saglio, 2017. "The Wage Inflation-Unemployment Curve at the Macroeconomic Level," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 79(1), pages 55-78, February.
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    Keywords

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    JEL classification:

    • D14 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Saving; Personal Finance
    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers

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