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An Econometric Analysis of the Environmental Kuznets Curve: The Case of Turkey

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  • İpek Melahat Yurttagüler
  • Sinem Kutlu

Abstract

Understanding the relationship between the environmental quality and economic growth has increasingly attracted the attention of economists. The literature on this relationship focuses on testing the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between income and the CO2 emission by using time series analysis for Turkey. The validity of the EKC is investigated by the Johansen cointegration test using the data for the time period 1960-2011. The results of our time series analysis suggest a cointegrating relationship between income and the CO2 emission. The results also indicate an N-shaped relationship between these variables, which in turn imply that the EKC hypothesis is not supported by this data set.

Suggested Citation

  • İpek Melahat Yurttagüler & Sinem Kutlu, 2017. "An Econometric Analysis of the Environmental Kuznets Curve: The Case of Turkey," Alphanumeric Journal, Bahadir Fatih Yildirim, vol. 5(1), pages 115-126, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:anm:alpnmr:v:5:y:2017:i:1:p:115-126
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17093/alphanumeric.304256
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Everett, Tim & Ishwaran, Mallika & Ansaloni, Gian Paolo & Rubin, Alex, 2010. "Economic growth and the environment," MPRA Paper 23585, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Roberto Martino & Phu Nguyen-Van, 2016. "Environmental Kuznets curve and environmental convergence: A unified empirical framework for CO2 emissions," Working Papers of BETA 2016-18, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
    3. Cole, M.A. & Rayner, A.J. & Bates, J.M., 1997. "The environmental Kuznets curve: an empirical analysis," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(4), pages 401-416, November.
    4. Dinda, Soumyananda, 2004. "Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis: A Survey," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(4), pages 431-455, August.
    5. Gene M. Grossman & Alan B. Krueger, 1991. "Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement," NBER Working Papers 3914, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Shafik, Nemat, 1994. "Economic Development and Environmental Quality: An Econometric Analysis," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 46(0), pages 757-773, Supplemen.
    7. Johansen, Soren & Juselius, Katarina, 1990. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Inference on Cointegration--With Applications to the Demand for Money," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 52(2), pages 169-210, May.
    8. Gene M. Grossman & Alan B. Krueger, 1995. "Economic Growth and the Environment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(2), pages 353-377.
    9. Selden Thomas M. & Song Daqing, 1994. "Environmental Quality and Development: Is There a Kuznets Curve for Air Pollution Emissions?," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 147-162, September.
    10. AkbostancI, Elif & Türüt-AsIk, Serap & Tunç, G. Ipek, 2009. "The relationship between income and environment in Turkey: Is there an environmental Kuznets curve?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 861-867, March.
    11. Panayotou, Theodore, 1997. "Demystifying the environmental Kuznets curve: turning a black box into a policy tool," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(4), pages 465-484, November.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    CO2 Emissions; Cointegration; Economic Growth; Environmental Kuznets Curve; Income;

    JEL classification:

    • O44 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Environment and Growth
    • Q32 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development

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