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The Impact Of The Food Security Act Of 1985 On U.S. Wheat Exports


  • Bailey, Kenneth W.


A major objective of the Food Security Act of 1985 was to make the United States more competitive in world markets. U.S. wheat exports in 1987/88 were 75 percent above their 1985/86 level. This paper analyzes the change in U.S. competitiveness in wheat exports by quantitatively assessing those factors responsible for this export expansion. The results indicate that about half of the increase can be attributed to the provisions of the 1985 Act. About 40 percent of the increase is due to nonprice factors in the Soviet Union and China - namely production shortfalls and domestic policies - that increased import demand. The rest is due to reduced competitor yields.

Suggested Citation

  • Bailey, Kenneth W., 1989. "The Impact Of The Food Security Act Of 1985 On U.S. Wheat Exports," Southern Journal of Agricultural Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 21(02), December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:sojoae:30095

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Meilke, Karl D. & de Gorter, Harry, 1985. "An Econometric Model of the European Economic Community's Wheat Sector," Working Papers 147114, University of Guelph, Department of Food, Agricultural and Resource Economics.
    2. Salathe, Larry & Langley, Suchada V., 1986. "An Empirical Analysis of Alternative Export Subsidy Programs for U.S. Wheat," Agricultural Economics Research, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, issue 1.
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