American Agricultural Policy and the 1990 Farm Bill
The United States (U.S.) government recently finished its five year ritual of farm legislation. In general, the 1990 Farm Bill, or the Food, Agriculture, Conservation and Trade Act of 1990, extends most of the program features of its predecessor, the Food Security Act of 1985 (FSA). The recent bill continues a 57 year old tradition represented by loan rates, target prices, deficiency payments, base acres and yields, quotas, production controls, marketing loans, and other devices which support prices and income in return for retiring acres. However, the bill introduces several features that move it incrementally in the direction of "decoupling", and continues the trend set in 1985 of adding new environmental restrictions on farm practices. The recently passed Farm Bill was shaped by four forces; these forces will continue to shape U.S. farm policy throughout the 1990s. First, the rising budget deficit compelled Congressional agriculture committee members to decrease the cost of their programs. Second, a call for more open agricultural markets by the Bush Administration coupled with the budget constraint made smaller and more flexible crop acreage bases the most attractive way to achieve incremental decoupling. Third, recent scares of pesticides and agricultural chemicals on or in food and groundwater have led to rising concerns over the impact of agriculture on the environment. Fourth, the Uruguay Round of trade negotiations was an important consideration in drafting the first farm bill of the 1990s.
Volume (Year): 58 (1990)
Issue (Month): (December)
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Phone: 0409 032 338
Web page: http://www.aares.info/
More information through EDIRC
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Cletus C. Coughlin & Kenneth C. Carraro, 1988. "The dubious success of export subsidies for wheat," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Nov, pages 38-47.
- Paarlberg, Robert L., 1990. "The Mysterious Popularity of EEP," Choices, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 5(2).
- Creason, Jared R. & Runge, C. Ford, 1990. "Agricultural Competitiveness and Environmental Quality: What Mix of Policies Will Accomplish Both Goals?," Reports 50102, University of Minnesota, Center for International Food and Agricultural Policy.
- Taff, Steven J. & Runge, C. Ford, 1988. "Wanted: A Leaner and Meaner CRP," Choices, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 3(1).
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:remaae:12256. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.