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Socioeconomic, Health and Behavioural Determinants of Obesity in Europe

Author

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  • Nikolaou, Agelike
  • Nikolaou, Dimitrios

Abstract

In this study we investigate the impact of various socioeconomic, health and behavioural conditions on the prevalence of obesity in nine EU countries using the “European Community Household Panel†Dataset. The effect of those factors on obesity is estimated separately for males and females using a model that follows the standard normal cumulative density function (probit). Our findings indicate that low socioeconomic profile as well as bad health leads to a higher body mass, while smokers are less likely to be obese. These findings follow more or less an analogous trend for the nine European countries and hold for both sexes, appearing, though, to be more consistent for the females.

Suggested Citation

  • Nikolaou, Agelike & Nikolaou, Dimitrios, 2009. "Socioeconomic, Health and Behavioural Determinants of Obesity in Europe," Review of Applied Economics, Review of Applied Economics, vol. 5(1-2).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:reapec:143220
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/143220
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Joan Costa-Font & Joan Gil, 2004. "Social interactions and the contemporaneous determinants of individuals' weight," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(20), pages 2253-2263.
    2. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:9:y:2007:i:3:p:1-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Chou, Shin-Yi & Grossman, Michael & Saffer, Henry, 2004. "An economic analysis of adult obesity: results from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 565-587, May.
    4. David Cantarero & Marta Pascual, 2007. "Obesity and socio-economic inequalities in spain: evidence from the ECHP," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 9(3), pages 1-9.
    5. repec:aph:ajpbhl:2004:94:3:468-472_0 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Anna Sanz De Galdeano, 2005. "The Obesity Epidemic in Europe," CSEF Working Papers 143, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
    7. John Cawley, 2000. "Body Weight and Women's Labor Market Outcomes," NBER Working Papers 7841, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. repec:aph:ajpbhl:2002:92:8:1299-1304_9 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. Darshan Zala, 2013. "Challenging The Spirit Level: Is There Really a Relationship between Inequality and Obesity?," Economic Affairs, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(2), pages 232-245, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    obesity; socioeconomic status; panel data; Consumer/Household Economics; Health Economics and Policy; Marketing; Public Economics; C23; I12; I18;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health

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