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From the Ivory Tower to the Marketplace: Knowledge Organisations in the Development of Biotechnology Clusters

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  • Trippl, Michaela
  • Todtling, Franz

Abstract

In the emerging knowledge economy, universities are adopting a key role as producers of scientific knowledge and skills, and they are experiencing far reaching changes in their tasks. Their main mission is no longer confined to education and research, but increasingly also covers technology transfer and commercialisation activities. The aim of this paper is to examine to what extent this phenomenon could also be observed in Austria, a country which is not a pio-neer regarding the development of the knowledge economy. Moreover, we are interested in the particular mechanisms of knowledge transfer. We differentiate between four key tasks of uni-versities, including their roles as ―antennae‖ for receiving external knowledge, sources of highly skilled labour, cooperation partners for the industry and seedbeds for new firm formation. Fo-cusing on the biotechnology sector we will demonstrate that an opening of the ivory tower and a move of Austrian universities towards the market place has occurred. Furthermore, we will show that these changes to some extent have been policy-driven in nature.

Suggested Citation

  • Trippl, Michaela & Todtling, Franz, 2008. "From the Ivory Tower to the Marketplace: Knowledge Organisations in the Development of Biotechnology Clusters," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 38(2).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:jrapmc:132357
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Tödtling, Franz & Sinozic, Tanja & Auer, Alexander, 2016. "Knowledge bases, multi-scale interaction and transformation of the Vienna medical cluster," SRE-Discussion Papers 5199, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business.
    2. Michaela Trippl, 2010. "Low_Tech Innovation in a High-Tech Environment? The Case of the Food Industry in the Vienna Metropolitan Region," SRE-Disc sre-disc-2010_02, Institute for Multilevel Governance and Development, Department of Socioeconomics, Vienna University of Economics and Business.
    3. Mihaela-Cornelia (DAN) PREJMEREAN, 2012. "The Contribution Of Higher Education Institutions In Regional Development," REVISTA ADMINISTRATIE SI MANAGEMENT PUBLIC, Faculty of Administration and Public Management, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 2012(8), pages 142-149, June.
    4. Michaela Trippl, 2011. "Low-Tech Innovation in a High-Tech Environment? The Food Industry in the Metropolitan Region of Vienna," ERSA conference papers ersa10p133, European Regional Science Association.

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