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Citations for "International intellectual property rights protection and the rate of product innovation"

by Lai, Edwin L. -C.

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  1. Thitima Puttitanun, 2007. "Intellectual Property Rights as a Signal," Working Papers 0023, San Diego State University, Department of Economics.
  2. Gustafsson, Peter & Segerstrom, Paul, 2010. "North-South trade with increasing product variety," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(2), pages 97-106, July.
  3. Gino Gancia & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2005. "Horizontal innovation in the theory of growth and development," Economics Working Papers 831, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  4. Hitoshi Tanaka & Tatsuro Iwaisako, 2013. "Intellectual Property Rights and Foreign Direct Investment: A Welfare Analysis," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business 13-15-Rev, Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics and Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP), revised Nov 2013.
  5. Borota, Teodora, 2010. "Innovation and Imitation in a Model of North-South TradeRecent evidence on world trade patterns reveals North-South specialization across," Working Paper Series 2010:6, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  6. Christian Lorenczik & Monique Newiak, 2010. "Imitation and Innovation Driven Development under Imperfect Intellectual Property Rights," DEGIT Conference Papers c015_056, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
  7. Bjørnskov, Christian & Potrafke, Niklas, 2012. "Political ideology and economic freedom across Canadian provinces," Munich Reprints in Economics 20277, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  8. Alireza Naghavi, 2007. "Strategic Intellectual Property Rights Policy and North-South Technology Transfer," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 143(1), pages 55-78, April.
  9. Lee Branstetter & Raymond Fisman & C. Fritz Foley, 2005. "Do Stronger Intellectual Property Rights Increase International Technology Transfer? Empirical Evidence from U.S. Firm-Level Data," NBER Working Papers 11516, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Ghafele, Roya & Gibert, Benjamin, 2012. "Promoting intellectual property monetization in developing countries : a review of issues and strategies to support knowledge-driven growth," MPRA Paper 40438, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. Carmelo Pierpaolo Parello, 2009. "Information Gathering, Innovation and Growth," Working Papers 122, University of Rome La Sapienza, Department of Public Economics.
  12. Dinopoulos, Elias & Segerstrom, Paul, 2006. "North-South Trade and Economic Growth," CEPR Discussion Papers 5887, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  13. Eicher, T. & Garcia-Penalosa, C., 1999. "Inequality and Growth: the Dual Role of Human Capital in Development," G.R.E.Q.A.M. 99a47, Universite Aix-Marseille III.
  14. Gino Gancia & Alessandra Bonfiglioli, 2003. "North-South Trade and Directed Technical Change," Working Papers 321, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  15. Pol Antras, 2004. "Incomplete Contracts and the Product Cycle," 2004 Meeting Papers 19, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  16. Nagano, Mamoru, 2013. "Similarities and differences among cross-border M&A and greenfield FDI determinants: Evidence from Asia and Oceania," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(C), pages 100-118.
  17. Sunil Kanwar & Robert Evenson, 2001. "Does Intellectual Property Protection Spur Technological Change," Working Papers 831, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
  18. Mondal, Debasis & Gupta, Manash Ranjan, 2008. "Intellectual property rights protection and unemployment in a North South model: A theoretical analysis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 463-484, May.
  19. Di Vita, Giuseppe, 2013. "The TRIPs agreement and technological innovation," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 964-977.
  20. Daron Acemoglu & Gino Gancia & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2010. "Competing Engines of Growth: Innovation and Standardization," NBER Working Papers 15958, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  21. Theo S Eicher & Sang Choon Kim, 1998. "Market Structure and Productivity Revisited: Endogenous Productivity, Training and Market Shares," Working Papers 0075, University of Washington, Department of Economics.
  22. Kwan, Yum K. & Lai, Edwin L. -C., 2003. "Intellectual property rights protection and endogenous economic growth," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 853-873, March.
  23. Chu, Angus C. & Peng, Shin-Kun, 2011. "International intellectual property rights: Effects on growth, welfare and income inequality," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 276-287, June.
  24. Mondal, Debasis & Gupta, Manash Ranjan, 2008. "Innovation, imitation and intellectual property rights: Introducing migration in Helpman's model," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 369-394, August.
  25. Rosina Moreno & Jordi Suriñach, 2014. "“Innovation Adoption and Productivity Growth: Evidence for Europe”," IREA Working Papers 201413, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics, revised Apr 2014.
  26. Gino A.Gancia, 2003. "Globalization, Divergence and Stagnation," Development Working Papers 174, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
  27. Keith E. MASKUS & Lei YANG, 2013. "The Impacts of Post-TRIPS Patent Reforms on the Structure of Exports," Discussion papers 13030, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  28. Azevedo, Mónica L. & Afonso, Óscar & Silva, Sandra T., 2014. "Endogenous growth and intellectual property rights: A north–south modeling proposal," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 112-120.
  29. Parello, Carmelo Pierpaolo, 2008. "A north-south model of intellectual property rights protection and skill accumulation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(1-2), pages 253-281, February.
  30. Mondal, Debasis & Ranjan Gupta, Manash, 2009. "Endogenous imitation and endogenous growth in a North-South model: A theoretical analysis," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 31(4), pages 668-684, December.
  31. Yang, Lei & Maskus, Keith E., 2009. "Intellectual property rights, technology transfer and exports in developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(2), pages 231-236, November.
  32. Chui, Michael & Levine, Paul L & Pearlman, Joseph, 1999. "Winners and Losers in a North-South Model of Growth, Innovation and Product Cycles," CEPR Discussion Papers 2291, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  33. Tanaka, Hitoshi & Iwaisako, Tatsuro & Futagami, Koichi, 2007. "Dynamic analysis of innovation and international transfer of technology through licensing," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(1), pages 189-212, September.
  34. Sebastian Benz, 2012. "Trading Tasks: A Dynamic Theory of Offshoring," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 150, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  35. Debasis Mondal & Manash Ranjan Gupta, 2006. "Product development, imitation and economic growth: A note," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(1), pages 27-48.
  36. Lee Branstetter & Kamal Saggi, 2011. "Intellectual Property Rights, Foreign Direct Investment and Industrial Development," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 121(555), pages 1161-1191, 09.
  37. Branstetter, Lee & Fisman, Ray & Foley, C. Fritz & Saggi, Kamal, 2011. "Does intellectual property rights reform spur industrial development?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 83(1), pages 27-36, January.
  38. Chu, Angus C. & Cozzi, Guido & Galli, Silvia, 2011. "Innovating like China: a theory of stage-dependent intellectual property rights," MPRA Paper 30553, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  39. Sunil Kanwar & Robert E Evanson, 2004. "Does Intellectual Property Protection Spur Technological Change?," Levine's Working Paper Archive 122247000000000455, David K. Levine.
  40. Akiyama, Taro & Furukawa, Yuichi, 2009. "Intellectual property rights and appropriability of innovation," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 103(3), pages 138-141, June.
  41. Ioana Popovici, 2006. "Impact of Intellectual Property Rights Reforms on the Diffusion of Knowledge through FDI," Working Papers 0602, Florida International University, Department of Economics.
  42. Haider A. Khan & Mariko Frame, 2007. "China's Energy Security: National Security, Ecological Balance and Regional Co-operation," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-482, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
  43. Alireza Naghavi & Günther Schulze, 2001. "Bootlegging in the Music Industry: A Note," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 57-72, July.
  44. Haider A. Khan, 2003. "Digital Transitions: The POLIS Theory and The NIEs," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-231, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
  45. Hitoshi Tanaka & Tatsuro Iwaisako & Koichi Futagami, 2006. "Dynamic Analysis of Innovation and Licensing: The Effects of Intellectual Property Rights Protection," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business 06-06, Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics and Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP).
  46. Uday Bhanu Sinha, 2001. "Patent Protection, Innovation Rate and Welfare," Departmental Working Papers wp0106, National University of Singapore, Department of Economics.
  47. Keith Maskus, 1998. "The international regulation of intellectual property," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 134(2), pages 186-208, June.
  48. Furukawa, Yuichi, 2012. "Perpetual leapfrogging in international competition," MPRA Paper 40126, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Jul 2012.
  49. Kamal Saggi, 2002. "Trade, Foreign Direct Investment, and International Technology Transfer: A Survey," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 17(2), pages 191-235, September.
  50. Angus C. Chu, 2009. "Macroeconomic Effects of Intellectual Property Rights: A Survey," IEAS Working Paper : academic research 09-A007, Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
  51. Khan, Haider, 2008. "China’s New Development Strategy: Environment and Energy Security," MPRA Paper 7639, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2008.
  52. Haider A. Khan, 2002. "Digital Development: Challenges and Prospects," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-152, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
  53. Kirkpatrick, Colin & Raihan, Selim & Bleser, Adam & Prud'homme, Dan & Mayrand, Karel & Morin, Jean Frederic & Pollitt, Hector & Hinojosa, Leonith & Williams, Michael, 2011. "Trade sustainability impact assessment (SIA) on the comprehensive economic and trade agreement (CETA) between the EU and Canada: Final report," MPRA Paper 28812, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  54. Carol McAusland & Peter J. Kuhn, 2009. "Bidding for Brains: Intellectual Property Rights and the International Migration of Knowledge Workers," NBER Working Papers 15486, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  55. Haider A Khan, 2005. "China's Energy Dilemma," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-385, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
  56. Ellen R. McGrattan & Edward C. Prescott & Thomas J. Holmes, 2011. "Technology Capital Transfer," 2011 Meeting Papers 676, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  57. Glass, Amy Jocelyn & Saggi, Kamal, 2002. "Intellectual property rights and foreign direct investment," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 387-410, March.
  58. Manca, Fabio, 2010. "Technology catch-up and the role of institutions," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 1041-1053, December.
  59. Debasis Mondal & M. Gupta, 2008. "Innovation, imitation and multinationalisation in a North–South model: a theoretical note," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 94(1), pages 31-62, 06.
  60. Chen, Hung-Ju, 2013. "Intellectual Property Rights and Skills Accumulation: A North-South Model of FDI and Outsourcing," MPRA Paper 45035, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  61. Alexandre Almeida & Aurora A.C. Teixeira, 2008. "One size does not fit all… An economic development perspective on the asymmetric impact of Patents on R&D," FEP Working Papers 292, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  62. Ang, James, 2009. "Financial Reforms, Patent Protection and Knowledge Accumulation in India," MPRA Paper 17656, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  63. W. Michael Cox, 1993. "Technological unemployment," Research Paper 9314, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
  64. Markusen, James R., 2001. "Contracts, intellectual property rights, and multinational investment in developing countries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(1), pages 189-204, February.
  65. Morita, Tadashi, 2012. "Dynamic analysis of location choice by multinational firms," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 1063-1076.
  66. Tanmoyee Banerjee(Chatterjee) & Nilanjana Mitra, 2008. "Export, Assembly-line FDI or FDI with the Possibility of Technology Diffusion: Optimal Entry Mode for Multinationals," Working Papers 2008.56, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  67. Tatsuro Iwaisako & Hitoshi Tanaka & Koichi Futagami, 2009. "A Welfare Analysis of Global Patent Protection in a Model with Endogenous Innovation and Foreign Direct Investment," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business 09-24-Rev, Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics and Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP), revised Mar 2011.
  68. Spielman, David J. & Ma, Xingliang, 2014. "Intellectual property rights, technology diffusion, and agricultural development: Cross-country evidence:," IFPRI discussion papers 1345, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  69. Aoki, Reiko & Kao, Tina, 2012. "Protection of basic research and R&D incentives in an international setting," CIS Discussion paper series 563, Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  70. Edwin Lai, 2008. "Globalization of production and the technology transfer paradox," Working Papers 0810, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
  71. Gilles Koléda, 2005. "Northern and Southern Patent Novelty Requirements Harmonization, Growth and Trade," DEGIT Conference Papers c010_025, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
  72. Qiu, Larry D. & Lai, Edwin L. -C., 2004. "Protection of trade for innovation: the roles of Northern and Southern Tariffs," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 449-470, December.
  73. Anja, Breitwieser & Neil, Foster, 2012. "Intellectual property rights, innovation and technology transfer: a survey," MPRA Paper 36094, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  74. Paul Segerstrom & Elias Dinopoulos, 2004. "A Theory of North-South Trade and Globalization," 2004 Meeting Papers 30, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  75. Angus Chu & Guido Cozzi & Yuichi Furukawa, . "Effects of Economic Development in China on Skill-Biased Technical Change in the US," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics.
  76. Lai, Edwin L. -C., 2001. "Competition for foreign direct investment in the product cycle," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 61-81, January.
  77. Furukawa, Yuichi, 2010. "Intellectual property protection and innovation: an inverted-U relationship," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 109(2), pages 99-101, November.
  78. Lee Branstetter & Raymond Fisman & C. Fritz Foley & Kamal Saggi, 2007. "Intellectual Property Rights, Imitation, and Foreign Direct Investment: Theory and Evidence," NBER Working Papers 13033, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  79. Glass, Amy Jocelyn & Wu, Xiaodong, 2007. "Intellectual property rights and quality improvement," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(2), pages 393-415, March.
  80. Guifang Yang & Keith Maskus, 2001. "Intellectual property rights and licensing: An econometric investigation," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 137(1), pages 58-79, March.
  81. Cerqueti, Roy & Tramontanta, Fabio & Ventura, Marco, 2012. "On the dynamics of innovators and imitators," MPRA Paper 38949, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  82. Edwin L Lai, 2004. "The Economics of Intellectual Property Protection in the Global Economy," Levine's Working Paper Archive 122247000000000481, David K. Levine.
  83. Bidisha Chakraborty, 2011. "Trade in Intermediate Goods, Endogenous Growth and Intellectual Property Rights," DEGIT Conference Papers c016_051, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
  84. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00193398 is not listed on IDEAS
  85. Arijit Mukherjee, 2013. "Patent protection under endogenous product differentiation," Discussion Paper Series 2013_06, Department of Economics, Loughborough University, revised Jul 2013.
  86. Stanley Watt, 2007. "Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights," IMF Working Papers 07/161, International Monetary Fund.
  87. Zoltan J. Acs & Mark Sanders, 2008. "Intellectual Property Rights and the Knowledge Spillover Theory of Entrepreneurship," Jena Economic Research Papers 2008-069, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics.
  88. Guifang Yang & Maskus, Keith E., 2003. "Intellectual property rights, licensing, and innovation," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2973, The World Bank.
  89. Dinopoulos, Elias & Segerstrom, Paul, 2010. "Intellectual property rights, multinational firms and economic growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(1), pages 13-27, May.
  90. Jota Ishikawa & Eiji Horiuchi, 2012. "Strategic Foreign Direct Investment in Vertically Related Markets," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 88(281), pages 229-242, 06.
  91. Moschini, GianCarlo, 2004. "Intellectual Property Rights and the World Trade Organization: Retrospect and Prospects," Staff General Research Papers 10442, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  92. Walter Park, 2012. "North–South models of intellectual property rights: an empirical critique," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 148(1), pages 151-180, April.
  93. Maria Pluvia ZUNIGA & Emmanuel COMBE, 2002. "Introducing Patent Protection In The Pharmaceutical Sector:," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 16, pages 191-221.
  94. Chu, Angus C. & Cozzi, Guido & Galli, Silvia, 2013. "Theory and Empirics of Stage-Dependent Intellectual Property Rights," Economics Working Paper Series 1306, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science.
  95. Yuichi Furukawa & Taro Akiyama, 2006. "Innovation, standardization, and imitation in the product cycle model," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 6(13), pages 1-10.
  96. Yang, Guifang & Maskus, Keith E., 2001. "Intellectual property rights, licensing, and innovation in an endogenous product-cycle model," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(1), pages 169-187, February.
  97. Christine Mutz & Thomas Ziesemer, 2008. "Simultaneous estimation of income and price elasticities of export demand, scale economies and total factor productivity growth for Brazil," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(22), pages 2921-2937.
  98. Nuttapon Photchanaprasert, 2011. "Innovation and Production Offshoring: Implications on Welfare," Global COE Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series gd10-185, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  99. Thomas J. Holmes & Ellen R. McGrattan & Edward C. Prescott, 2013. "Quid Pro Quo: Technology Capital Transfers for Market Access in China," NBER Working Papers 19249, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  100. Haider Ali Khan, 2002. "China's Entry into the WTO: ICT Sectors, Innovation, Growth and Distribution," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-157, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
  101. Koichi Futagami & Tatsuro Iwaisako & Hitoshi Tanaka, 2007. "Innovation, Licensing, and Imitation: The Effects of Intellectual Property Rights Protection and Industrial Policy," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business 07-05, Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics and Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP).
  102. Mathew, Anuj Joshua & Mukherjee, Arijit, 2014. "Intellectual property rights, southern innovation and foreign direct investment," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 128-137.
  103. Hoekman, Bernard & Saggi, Kamal, 2007. "Intellectual Property Provisions in North-South Trade Agreements," CEPR Discussion Papers 6460, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  104. Chu, Angus C. & Cozzi, Guido & Galli, Silvia, 2014. "Stage-dependent intellectual property rights," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 239-249.
  105. Jiahua Che & Larry Qiu & Wen Zhou, 2009. "Intellectual Property Rights Enforcement in Imperfect Markets," Levine's Working Paper Archive 814577000000000242, David K. Levine.
  106. Lai, Edwin L. -C. & Qiu, Larry D., 2003. "The North's intellectual property rights standard for the South?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 183-209, January.
  107. Schneider, Patricia Higino, 2005. "International trade, economic growth and intellectual property rights: A panel data study of developed and developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(2), pages 529-547, December.
  108. Eicher, Theo & García-Peñalosa, Cecilia, 2008. "Endogenous strength of intellectual property rights: Implications for economic development and growth," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 237-258, February.
  109. Cusolito, Ana, 2009. "Competition, imitation, and technical change : quality vs. variety," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4997, The World Bank.
  110. Arghya Ghosh & Jota Ishikawa, 2013. "Trade Liberalization, Absorptive Capacity and the Protection of Intellectual Property Rights," Discussion Papers 2013-11, School of Economics, The University of New South Wales.
  111. Canals, Claudia & Şener, Fuat, 2014. "Offshoring and intellectual property rights reform," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 17-31.
  112. Haider Ali Khan, 2004. "Towards A Field Theory of Innovating Multinational Firms in the Digital Economy: Creative Capital in a POLIS," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-259, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
  113. Hudson, John & Minea, Alexandru, 2013. "Innovation, Intellectual Property Rights, and Economic Development: A Unified Empirical Investigation," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 66-78.
  114. Fav Lai & Shun-Chiao Chang, 2012. "Consumers’ choices, infringements and market competition," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 34(1), pages 77-103, August.
  115. Olena Ivus, 2009. "Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights: Theory and Empirics," Working Papers 2009-02, Department of Economics, University of Calgary, revised 03 Feb 2009.
  116. Sheng, Liugang & Yang, Dennis T., 2011. "Speeding Up the Product Cycle: The Role of Host Country Reforms," IZA Discussion Papers 6054, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  117. Keith Maskus & YIN HE, 2009. "Southern Innovation and Backward Knowledge Spillovers: A Dynamic FDI Model," DEGIT Conference Papers c014_001, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
  118. Alireza Naghavi, 2003. "Strategic Intellectual Property Protection Policy and North-South Technology Transfer," Working Papers 200313, School Of Economics, University College Dublin.