Southern Innovation and Backward Knowledge Spillovers: A Dynamic FDI Model
AbstractWe develop a model in which the proportion of Northern firms choosing to become multinationals is endogenous. In the benchmark model, Northern firms engage in innovation based on the local knowledge stock and learning-by-doing (LBD), and a share of these products is transferred to Southern production via FDI. An increase in Southern imitation limits the multinationalization rate. We extend the model to permit Southern innovation based on the amount of local knowledge and LBD. Because Southern firms have higher innovation costs, this generates inefficient specialization in both regions and reduces global growth. However, it generates a U-shaped relationship between FDI and local imitation. We also allow for “backward” spillovers in knowledge to Northern innovation, which partially restores global efficiency and growth. We find that Southern R&D investments follow an inverse U-shape as imitation risk rises. A fall in fixed FDI setup costs or a rise in the LBD spillover in either region raises innovation growth.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade in its series DEGIT Conference Papers with number c014_001.
Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2009
Date of revision:
Innovation; learning-by-doing; patents; multinational investment; growth;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies
- F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
- O31 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
- O34 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property Rights
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Lai, Edwin L. -C., 1998. "International intellectual property rights protection and the rate of product innovation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(1), pages 133-153, February.
- Russell Cooper & Alok Johri, 1999.
"Learning by Doing and Aggregate Fluctuations,"
NBER Working Papers
6898, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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