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Einstiegslöhne bei unvollkommenen Arbeitsmärkten

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  • Gernandt, Johannes
  • Pfeiffer, Friedhelm

Abstract

In der vorliegenden Arbeit werden die Bestimmungsgründe von Einstiegslöhnen, sowie das Ausmaß von Lohnrigiditäten und der daraus abgeleiteten Höhe der Lohnaufschwemmung in der Gruppe der Einsteiger empirisch untersucht. Einsteiger sind Arbeitnehmer, die erstmals bzw. nach einer Unterbrechung in einem Betrieb Beschäftigung finden. In Westdeutschland gehörten im Zeitraum zwischen den Jahren 1976 bis 1995 etwa 11 Prozent der zu einem Stichtag beschäftigten Arbeitnehmer zur Gruppe der Einsteiger. Die durchschnittlichen Tagesverdienste von Einsteigern liegen um bis zu 40% unter denen der betriebstreuen Arbeitnehmer. Bis zu 65% dieses Unterschiedes geht auf beobachtete Heterogenität zurück. Die Einstiegslöhne wären bei Lohnflexibilität etwa um zwei Prozent pro Jahr niedriger gewesen. Lohnrigiditäten scheinen demnach eine wichtige Ursache für die anhaltende und hartnäckige Arbeitslosigkeit in der Bundesrepublik zu sein. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 05-26.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:3182

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Keywords: Einstiegslöhne; Effizienzlöhne; Lohnrigiditäten; Tariflöhne;

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Cited by:
  1. Gebel, Michael & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2007. "Educational expansion and its heterogeneous returns for wage workers," ZEW Discussion Papers 07-010, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  2. Johannes Gernandt & Friedhelm Pfeiffer, 2006. "Rising Wage Inequality in Germany," Working Papers of the Research Group Heterogenous Labor, Research Group Heterogeneous Labor, University of Konstanz/ZEW Mannheim 06-12, Research Group Heterogeneous Labor, University of Konstanz/ZEW Mannheim.
  3. Boockmann, Bernhard & Hagen, Tobias, 2005. "Befristete und andere "atypische" Beschäftigungsverhältnisse: Wird der Arbeitsmarkt funktionsfähiger? (Fixed-term and other "atypical" employment relationship : is the labour ma," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 38(2/3), pages 305-324.
  4. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:38:i:2/3:p:305-324 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2005. "Existenzgründungen: Ein Weg zur Beschäftigungsförderung?," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-71, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  6. Udo Brixy & Susanne Kohaut & Claus Schnabel, 2007. "Do Newly Founded Firms Pay Lower Wages? First Evidence from Germany," Small Business Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 29(1), pages 161-171, June.

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