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Existenzgründungen: Ein Weg zur Beschäftigungsförderung?

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  • Pfeiffer, Friedhelm

Abstract

In dem vorliegenden Artikel werden ausgewählte theoretische und empirische Aspekte des Zusammenhangs zwischen Existenzgründungen, staatlichem Handeln und Beschäftigung diskutiert. Dabei wird die Frage, ob Existenzgründungen zusätzliche Beschäftigung schaffen überwiegend aus einer volkswirtschaftlichen (und nicht aus einer sektoralen oder regionalen) Sicht beleuchtet werden. Zusammenfassend zeigen theoretische Überlegungen und eine in mancher Hinsicht noch lückenhafte empirische Evidenz die Bedeutung von Existenzgründungen für die Zahl der Beschäftigten auf. Die Möglichkeiten des Staates, durch die Förderung von Existenzgründungen die Beschäftigung zu steigern, scheinen jedoch begrenzt. Jedenfalls gibt es noch zu wenige empirische Hinweise dafür, dass die umfangreichen staatlichen Aktivitäten die Zahl der Beschäftigten in der Gesamtwirtschaft erhöht haben. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 05-71.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:4554

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Keywords: Existenzgründungen; Regulierung; Förderprogramme; Beschäftigung;

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References

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  1. Simeon Djankov & Rafael La Porta & Florencio LopezdeSilanes & Andrei Shleifer, 2000. "The Regulation of Entry," NBER Working Papers 7892, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Fonseca, Raquel & Lopez-Garcia, Paloma & Pissarides, Christopher A., 2001. "Entrepreneurship, start-up costs and employment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(4-6), pages 692-705, May.
  3. Gernandt, Johannes & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2005. "Einstiegslöhne bei unvollkommenen Arbeitsmärkten," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-26, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  4. Bertrand, Marianne & Kramarz, Francis, 2001. "Does Entry Regulation Hinder Job Creation? Evidence from the French Retail Industry," CEPR Discussion Papers 3039, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Daron Acemoglu & Pol Antras & Elhanan Helpman, 2005. "Contracts and the Division of Labor," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 2074, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  6. David G. Blanchflower, 2004. "Self-Employment: More may not be better," NBER Working Papers 10286, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Reize, Frank, 1998. "Business Start-ups by the Unemployed - an Econometric Analysis Based on Firm Data," ZEW Discussion Papers 98-38, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  8. Baumol, William J, 1990. "Entrepreneurship: Productive, Unproductive, and Destructive," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 893-921, October.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Johannes Gernandt & Friedhelm Pfeiffer, 2007. "Rising Wage Inequality in Germany," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 14, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  2. Marco Caliendo & Alexander S. Kritikos & Frank Wießner, 2006. "Existenzgründungsförderung in Deutschland: Zwischenergebnisse aus der Hartz-Evaluation," Working Papers 0006, Gesellschaft für Arbeitsmarktaktivierung (GfA).
  3. Kathrin Goeggel & Johannes Graeb & Friedhelm Pfeiffer, 2007. "Selbständigkeit in Europa 1991-2003: Empirische Evidenz mit Länderdaten," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 227(2), pages 153-167, April.
  4. Caliendo, Marco & Kritikos, Alexander & Wießner, Frank, 2006. "Existenzgründungsförderung in Deutschland : Zwischenergebnisse aus der Hartz-Evaluation (Promotion of business start-ups in Germany : first results from the "Hartz evaluation")," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 39(3/4), pages 505-531.

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