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Taxation and education investment in the tertiary sector

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  • Andersson, Fredrik
  • Konrad, Kai A.

Abstract

In this paper we briefly report some key data on educational expenditure and output in OECD countries and then turn to the motivations for public education. Public education can be important for equal opportunities and has a number of redistributional aspects within and between generations. We further discuss possible externalities of education, the issue of intersectoral investment neutrality and a fundamental time consistency problem of optimal taxation that may make public expenditure on tertiary education desirable from an efficiency point of view. Further we discuss whether and how globalization changes the picture. Mobility changes the analysis of optimal taxation and may make public expenditure less important. We also emphasize insurance aspects and the role of mobility differences. -- Wir berichten zunächst einige wesentliche Daten zu öffentlichen Ausgaben für Bildung in den OECD-Ländern und zu deren Wirkung. Im Zentrum der Arbeit steht eine Diskussion der unterschiedlichen Begründungen für öffentliche Bildungsinvestitionen. Zunächst wird auf die Argumente der Chancengleichheit und auf die intragenerationalen und intergenerationellen Umverteilungswirkungen von öffentlichen Bildungsinvestitionen eingegangen. Sodann wird das Zusammenspiel von Besteuerung und öffentlichen Bildungsinvestitionen problematisiert. Es zeigt sich, dass öffentliche Bildungsinvestitionen die staatliche Korrektur für eine Form von Staatsversagen sein können, das darin besteht, dass der Staat bei zeitkonsistenter optimaler Besteuerung Bildungsinvestitionen ex-post zu stark besteuert. Wir diskutieren ferner die Wirkungen der Globalisierung, besonders der zunehmenden Mobilität von Humankapitalträgern für die Frage öffentlicher Bildungsinvestitionen und konzentrieren uns dabei auf den Zusammenhang von Besteuerung und öffentlichen Bildungsausgaben. Mobilität kann das Zeitkonsistenzproblem lösen und kann einen der Gründe für öffentliche Bildungsinvestitionen eliminieren. Zu berücksichtigen sind zudem Versicherungsaspekte und der Aspekt von Mobilitätsunterschieden für verschiedene Berufsgruppen.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Market Processes and Governance with number FS IV 02-17.

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Date of creation: 2002
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbmpg:fsiv0217

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Keywords: Taxation; education; human capital investment;

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References

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  1. Hamilton, Jonathan H, 1987. "Optimal Wage and Income Taxation with Wage Uncertainty," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 28(2), pages 373-88, June.
  2. CREMER, Helmuth & FOURGEAUD, Virginie & LEITE MONTEIRO, Manuel & MARCHAND, Maurice, 1995. "Mobility and Redistribution : A Survey," CORE Discussion Papers 1995066, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  3. Epple, Dennis & Romano, Richard E., 1996. "Ends against the middle: Determining public service provision when there are private alternatives," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(3), pages 297-325, November.
  4. Gradstein, Mark & Justman, Moshe, 2001. "Education, Social Cohesion and Economic Growth," CEPR Discussion Papers 2773, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Fredrik Andersson & Kai A. Konrad, 2002. "Human Capital Investment and Globalization in Extortionary States," CESifo Working Paper Series 703, CESifo Group Munich.
  6. Anderberg, Dan & Andersson, Fredrik, 2003. "Investments in human capital, wage uncertainty, and public policy," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(7-8), pages 1521-1537, August.
  7. Pereira, Pedro Telhado & Martins, Pedro Silva, 2000. "Does Education Reduce Wage Inequality? Quantile Regressions Evidence from Fifteen European Countries," FEUNL Working Paper Series wp379, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Economia.
  8. Thum, Claudio & Uebelmesser, Silke, 2003. "Mobility and the Role of Education as a Commitment Device," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 10(5), pages 549-64, September.
  9. Bruce, Neil & Waldman, Michael, 1991. "Transfers in Kind: Why They Can Be Efficient and Nonpaternalistic," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(5), pages 1345-51, December.
  10. Boadway, R. & Marceau, N. & Marchand, M., . "Investment in education and the time inconsistency of redistributive tax policy," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1219, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  11. David E. Wildasin, 2000. "Factor mobility and fiscal policy in the EU: policy issues and analytical approaches," Economic Policy, CEPR & CES & MSH, vol. 15(31), pages 337-378, October.
  12. Panu Poutvaara & Vesa Kanniainen, 2000. "Why Invest in Your Neighbor? Social Contract on Educational Investment," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 7(4), pages 547-562, August.
  13. David E. Wildasin, 2005. "Fiscal Competition," Working Papers 2005-05, University of Kentucky, Institute for Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations.
  14. Epple, Dennis & Romano, Richard E, 1998. "Competition between Private and Public Schools, Vouchers, and Peer-Group Effects," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(1), pages 33-62, March.
  15. Meghir, Costas & Palme, Marten, 2001. "The Effect of a Social Experiment in Education," Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 0451, Stockholm School of Economics.
  16. Wright, Robert E., 1999. "The Rate of Return to Private Schooling," IZA Discussion Papers 92, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  17. Glomm, Gerhard & Ravikumar, B, 1992. "Public versus Private Investment in Human Capital Endogenous Growth and Income Inequality," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(4), pages 818-34, August.
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