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Wirkungen aktiver Arbeitsmarktpolitik: Evaluierungsergebnisse für Deutschland, Schweden, Dänemark und die Niederlande

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  • Rabe, Birgitta

Abstract

Hohe Teilnehmerzahlen sowie ein beträchtlicher Mitteleinsatz für arbeitsmarktpolitische Maßnahmen haben in den letzten Jahren zu einem gesteigerten Interesse an den Wirkungen aktiver Arbeitsmarktpolitik geführt. In dieser Literaturstudie wird daher danach gefragt, was sich nach dem aktuellen Stand der Evaluierungsforschung über die bisherige Wirksamkeit aktiver Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland sagen lässt. Welche Instrumente funktionieren für welche Personengruppen und welche Maßnahmengestaltung ist zu bevorzugen? Welche makroökonomischen Effekte hat die aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik? Welche Erkenntnisse sind gesichert und welche Fragen lassen sich noch nicht beantworten? Auch die Erfahrungen in Schweden, Dänemark und den Niederlanden werden hinzugezogen, um gegebenenfalls nachahmenswerte Modelle beim Einsatz aktiver Arbeitsmarktpolitik zu identifizieren. Bei ebenfalls hohen Ausgaben für aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik waren zumindest Dänemark und die Niederlande in den vergangenen Jahren beschäftigungspolitisch weit erfolgreicher als Deutschland. Allerdings war dafür neben der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik eine jeweils spezifische Kombination u.a. aus arbeitsrechtlicher Regulierung, Tarifpolitik sowie ökonomischer Rahmenbedingungen verantwortlich, so dass sich ein Erfolgsmodell nicht ohne weiteres kopieren lässt. -- High participation rates and considerable spendings for active labour market measures have led to an increased interest in the effects of active labour market policy in Germany. This literature review therefore investigates the results of recent evaluation studies. Which instruments work for which target group and which program-design is preferrable? What are the macro-economic effects of active labour market policy? Which results are confirmed and which questions cannot be answered up to date? The study also looks at experiences in Sweden, Denmark and the Netherlands in order to identify successful models in the use of active labour market policy. Denmark and the Netherlands, both spending relatively high shares of the GDP on labour market policies, have been much more successful than Germany in reducing unemployment over the last years. However, this success cannot be solely attributed to active labour market policy. It is the result of a specific combination of labour regulation, wage policy and economic development which cannot be copied easily.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment with number FS I 00-208.

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Date of creation: 2000
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzblpe:fsi00208

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  1. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Reize, Frank, 2000. "Business start-ups by the unemployed -- an econometric analysis based on firm data," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(5), pages 629-663, September.
  2. Reinhard Hujer & Kai-Oliver Maurer & Marc Wellner, 1999. "Estimating the Effect of Vocational Training on Unemployment Duration in West Germany: A Discrete Hazard Rate Model with Instrumental Variables," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 218(5+6), pages 619-646, May.
  3. Florian Kraus & Patrick Puhani & Viktor Steiner, 1999. "Employment Effects of Publicly Financed Training Programs - The East German Experience," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 219(1+2), pages 216-248, July.
  4. John P. Martin, 1998. "What Works Among Active Labour Market Policies: Evidence From OECD Countries' Experiences," OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers 35, OECD Publishing.
  5. Larsson, Laura, 2000. "Evaluation of Swedish youth labour market programmes," Working Paper Series 2000:1, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  6. Robert G. Fay, 1996. "Enhancing the Effectiveness of Active Labour Market Policies: Evidence from Programme Evaluations in OECD Countries," OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers 18, OECD Publishing.
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  8. Fitzenberger, Bernd & Prey, Hedwig, 2000. "Evaluating Public Sector Sponsored Training in East Germany," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 52(3), pages 497-520, July.
  9. Dahlberg, Matz & Forslund, Anders, 1999. "Direct Displacement Effects of Labour Market Programmes: The Case of Sweden," Working Paper Series 1999:22, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
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  11. Lechner, Michael, 1996. "An Evaluation of Public Sector Sponsored Continuous Vocational Training Programs in East Germany," Discussion Papers 539, Institut fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre und Statistik, Abteilung fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre.
  12. Fredriksson, Peter, 1999. "The Dynamics of Regional Labor Markets and Active Labor Market Policy: Swedish Evidence," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 51(4), pages 623-48, October.
  13. Larsson, Laura, 2000. "Evaluation of Swedish Youth Labour Market Programmes," Working Paper Series 2000:6, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  14. Kraus, Florian & Puhani, Patrick A. & Steiner, Viktor, 1998. "Do public works programs work? Some unpleasant results from the East German experience," ZEW Discussion Papers 98-07, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  15. Jensen, P. & Nielsen, M.S. & Rosholm, M., 1999. "The Effects of Benefits, Incentives, and Sanctions on Youth Employment," Papers 99-05, Centre for Labour Market and Social Research, Danmark-.
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  20. repec:fth:iniesr:429 is not listed on IDEAS
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Cited by:
  1. Hilbert, Christoph & Mytzek, Ralf, 2002. "Strategische und methodische Ansatzpunkte zur Ermittlung des regionalen Qualifikationsbedarfs," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment FS I 02-211, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).

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