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Wirkungen aktiver Arbeitsmarktpolitik: Evaluierungsergebnisse für Deutschland, Schweden, Dänemark und die Niederlande

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  • Rabe, Birgitta

Abstract

Hohe Teilnehmerzahlen sowie ein beträchtlicher Mitteleinsatz für arbeitsmarktpolitische Maßnahmen haben in den letzten Jahren zu einem gesteigerten Interesse an den Wirkungen aktiver Arbeitsmarktpolitik geführt. In dieser Literaturstudie wird daher danach gefragt, was sich nach dem aktuellen Stand der Evaluierungsforschung über die bisherige Wirksamkeit aktiver Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland sagen lässt. Welche Instrumente funktionieren für welche Personengruppen und welche Maßnahmengestaltung ist zu bevorzugen? Welche makroökonomischen Effekte hat die aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik? Welche Erkenntnisse sind gesichert und welche Fragen lassen sich noch nicht beantworten? Auch die Erfahrungen in Schweden, Dänemark und den Niederlanden werden hinzugezogen, um gegebenenfalls nachahmenswerte Modelle beim Einsatz aktiver Arbeitsmarktpolitik zu identifizieren. Bei ebenfalls hohen Ausgaben für aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik waren zumindest Dänemark und die Niederlande in den vergangenen Jahren beschäftigungspolitisch weit erfolgreicher als Deutschland. Allerdings war dafür neben der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik eine jeweils spezifische Kombination u.a. aus arbeitsrechtlicher Regulierung, Tarifpolitik sowie ökonomischer Rahmenbedingungen verantwortlich, so dass sich ein Erfolgsmodell nicht ohne weiteres kopieren lässt. -- High participation rates and considerable spendings for active labour market measures have led to an increased interest in the effects of active labour market policy in Germany. This literature review therefore investigates the results of recent evaluation studies. Which instruments work for which target group and which program-design is preferrable? What are the macro-economic effects of active labour market policy? Which results are confirmed and which questions cannot be answered up to date? The study also looks at experiences in Sweden, Denmark and the Netherlands in order to identify successful models in the use of active labour market policy. Denmark and the Netherlands, both spending relatively high shares of the GDP on labour market policies, have been much more successful than Germany in reducing unemployment over the last years. However, this success cannot be solely attributed to active labour market policy. It is the result of a specific combination of labour regulation, wage policy and economic development which cannot be copied easily.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment with number FS I 00-208.

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Date of creation: 2000
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzblpe:fsi00208

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  1. Larsson, Laura, 2000. "Evaluation of Swedish youth labour market programmes," Working Paper Series 2000:1, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  2. Reinhard Hujer & Kai-Oliver Maurer & Marc Wellner, 1999. "Estimating the Effect of Vocational Training on Unemployment Duration in West Germany: A Discrete Hazard Rate Model with Instrumental Variables," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 218(5+6), pages 619-646, May.
  3. Robert G. Fay, 1996. "Enhancing the Effectiveness of Active Labour Market Policies: Evidence from Programme Evaluations in OECD Countries," OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers 18, OECD Publishing.
  4. John P. Martin, 1998. "What Works Among Active Labour Market Policies: Evidence From OECD Countries' Experiences," OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers 35, OECD Publishing.
  5. Larsson, L., 2000. "Evaluation of Swedish Youth Labour Market Programmes," Papers 2000:6, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
  6. Dahlberg, M. & Forslund, A., 1999. "Direct Displacement Effects of Labour Market Programmes: the Case of Sweden," Papers 1999:22, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
  7. Michael Lechner, 2000. "An Evaluation of Public-Sector-Sponsored Continuous Vocational Training Programs in East Germany," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 35(2), pages 347-375.
  8. Fitzenberger, Bernd & Prey, Hedwig, 2000. "Evaluating Public Sector Sponsored Training in East Germany," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 52(3), pages 497-520, July.
  9. Eichler, Martin & Lechner, Michael, 2002. "An evaluation of public employment programmes in the East German State of Sachsen-Anhalt," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 143-186, April.
  10. Kraus, Florian & Puhani, Patrick A. & Steiner, Viktor, 1997. "Employment Effects of Publicly Financed Training Programs The East German Experience," ZEW Discussion Papers 97-33, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  11. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Reize, Frank, 2000. "Business start-ups by the unemployed -- an econometric analysis based on firm data," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(5), pages 629-663, September.
  12. Markus Pannenberg & Johannes Schwarze, 1996. "Unemployment, Labor Market Training Programs and Regional Wages: An Extended Wage Curve Approach," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 139, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  13. Fredriksson, P., 1995. "The Dynamics of Regional Labour Markets and Active Labour Market Policy: Swedish Evidence," Papers 1995-20, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
  14. Brännäs, Kurt, 2000. "Estimation in a Duration Model for Evaluating Educational Programs," UmeÃ¥ Economic Studies 521, Umeå University, Department of Economics.
  15. Kraus, Florian & Puhani, Patrick A. & Steiner, Viktor, 1998. "Do public works programs work? Some unpleasant results from the East German experience," ZEW Discussion Papers 98-07, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  16. repec:fth:iniesr:429 is not listed on IDEAS
  17. Kornelius Kraft, 1998. "An evaluation of active and passive labour market policy," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(6), pages 783-793.
  18. Jensen, P. & Nielsen, M.S. & Rosholm, M., 1999. "The Effects of Benefits, Incentives, and Sanctions on Youth Employment," Papers 99-05, Centre for Labour Market and Social Research, Danmark-.
  19. Almus, Matthias & Egeln, Jürgen & Lechner, Michael & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Spengler, Hannes, 1998. "Die gemeinnützige Arbeitnehmerüberlassung in Rheinland-Pfalz: Eine ökonometrische Analyse des Wiedereingliederungserfolgs," ZEW Discussion Papers 98-36, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  20. Larsson, Laura, 2000. "Evaluation of Swedish Youth Labour Market Programmes," Working Paper Series 2000:6, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
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Cited by:
  1. Hilbert, Christoph & Mytzek, Ralf, 2002. "Strategische und methodische Ansatzpunkte zur Ermittlung des regionalen Qualifikationsbedarfs," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment FS I 02-211, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).

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