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Zur wissenschaftlichen Evaluation der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland: Ein Überblick

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  • Fitzenberger, Bernd
  • Speckesser, Stefan

Abstract

Dieser Beitrag gibt einen Überblick der neueren wissenschaftlichen Literatur zur Evaluation der Aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik (AAMP) in Deutschland. Das Grundproblem mikroökonomischer Evaluation besteht darin, den Vergleichsmaßstab bei Nichtteilnahme zu schätzen, sei es auf Basis einer vergleichbaren Kontrollgruppe von Nichtteilnehmern oder auf Basis der Situation vor Teilnahme. Entscheidend ist hierbei, den potentiellen Selektionsproblemen Rechnung zu tragen. Evaluationsstudien auf der Makroebene müssen zusätzlich auch die indirekten Effekte der AAMP auf den gesamten Arbeitsmarkt berücksichtigen und der möglichen Endogenität der AAMP Rechnung tragen. Die meisten Evaluationsstudien für Deutschland zeigen keine signifiant positiven Beschäftigungseffekte der AAMP, sind jedoch mit großer statistischer Unsicherheit behaftet. Wir führen letzteres im wesentlichen darauf zurück, daß wegen zu geringen Datenumfangs meist äußerst heterogene Maßnahmen gepoolt werden und daß über Teilnehmer und Nichtteilnehmer zu wenige Hintergrundinformationen verfügbar sind. Aufgrund dieser Datenrestriktionen verbietet sich daher aus Sicht der Autoren ein vorschnelles Verdikt über die ökonomischen Wirkungen der AAMP, obwohl mögliche positive Effekte nicht sehr stark sein können, da sie sonst vermutlich trotz unterschiedlicher Methoden und unzureichender Daten empirisch hätten identifiziert werden können. --

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Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 00-06.

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Date of creation: 2000
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:5282

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  1. Florian Kraus & Patrick Puhani & Viktor Steiner, 1999. "Employment Effects of Publicly Financed Training Programs - The East German Experience," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 219(1+2), pages 216-248, July.
  2. Lechner, Michael & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Spengler, Hannes & Almus, Matthias, 2000. "The impact of non-profit temping agencies on individual labour market success in the West German state of Rhineland-Palatinate," ZEW Discussion Papers 00-02, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  3. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Reize, Frank, 1998. "Business Start-ups by the Unemployed - an Econometric Analysis Based on Firm Data," ZEW Discussion Papers 98-38, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
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  5. Lechner, Michael, 1999. "Identification and Estimation of Causal Effects of Multiple Treatments Under the Conditional Independence Assumption," IZA Discussion Papers 91, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Fitzenberger, Bernd & Prey, Hedwig, 2000. "Evaluating Public Sector Sponsored Training in East Germany," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 52(3), pages 497-520, July.
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  9. Kornelius Kraft, 1998. "An evaluation of active and passive labour market policy," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(6), pages 783-793.
  10. Kraus, Florian & Puhani, Patrick A. & Steiner, Viktor, 1998. "Do public works programs work? Some unpleasant results from the East German experience," ZEW Discussion Papers 98-07, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  11. Eichler, Martin & Lechner, Michael, 2002. "An evaluation of public employment programmes in the East German State of Sachsen-Anhalt," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 143-186, April.
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