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Family background, schooling resources, and institutional features : what determines student performance in East Asian countries?

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  • Gundlach, Erich
  • Wößmann, Ludger

Abstract

This paper examines determinants of educational performance in the high performing East Asian economies of Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, and Thailand by running within country regressions. The determinants considered include family background, school resources, and institutional characteristics of schools. Family background is found to be important, particularly in Korea. The class size appears to be positively associated with student performance, implying that putting in additional resources to reduce class size may not be an effective way to enhance the education sector?s productivity. al productivity. Such institutional characteristic of school as ?autonomy in teacher salary decision? is found strengthen student performance in Japan and Singapore. However, within country data provide limited variation in school institutional characteristics for the their effect to be precisely estimated. The results, despites their limitations, should be useful for future educational policy formulation not only in the East Asian countries examined but also in other developing countries. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW) in its series Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy with number 4326.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifwkie:4326

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  1. Jong-Wha Lee & Robert J. Barro, 1997. "Schooling Quality in a Cross Section of Countries," NBER Working Papers 6198, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Alan B. Krueger, 2000. "Economic Considerations and class size," Working Papers 975, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Research on Child Wellbeing..
  3. Moulton, Brent R., 1986. "Random group effects and the precision of regression estimates," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 385-397, August.
  4. Wooldridge, Jeffrey M., 2001. "Asymptotic Properties Of Weighted M-Estimators For Standard Stratified Samples," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 17(02), pages 451-470, April.
  5. Caroline M. Hoxby, 2000. "The Effects Of Class Size On Student Achievement: New Evidence From Population Variation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 115(4), pages 1239-1285, November.
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