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Kleinere Klassen = bessere Leistungen?

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  • Ludger Wößmann

    ()

Abstract

Welche Reformen sollten im deutschen Schulsystem umgesetzt werden? In dieser und den kommenden drei Ausgaben des ifo Schnelldienstes berichtet die Artikelserie "Ökonomische Beiträge zur Schuldebatte" über die Befunde zahlreicher Forschungsarbeiten der Abteilung Humankapital und Strukturwandel des ifo Instituts zu vier bildungspolitisch zentralen Themenbereichen. Dazu wird mit Hilfe umfangreicher empirischer Untersuchungsmethoden ermittelt, was man aus den internationalen Schülerleistungsvergleichen wie PISA, IGLU und TIMSS für die deutsche Schulpolitik lernen kann. Der vorliegende Artikel beschäftigt sich mit der Frage, inwieweit durch kleinere Schulklassengrößen die Leistungen der Schüler verbessert werden können. Die durchgeführten mikroökonometrische Studien kommen zu dem Ergebnis, dass eine Verkleinerung der Klassen zu keinen größeren Lerneffekten führt.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Schnelldienst.

Volume (Year): 58 (2005)
Issue (Month): 17 (09)
Pages: 06-15

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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:58:y:2005:i:17:p:06-15

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Keywords: Schule; Bildung; Bildungspolitik; Schulpolitik; Bildungsfinanzierung; Ausgaben; Deutschland;

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References

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  1. James Heckman & Pedro Carneiro, 2003. "Human Capital Policy," NBER Working Papers 9495, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Gundlach, Erich & Wossmann, Ludger & Gmelin, Jens, 2001. "The Decline of Schooling Productivity in OECD Countries," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 111(471), pages C135-47, May.
  3. Alan Krueger, 1997. "Experimental Estimates of Education Production Functions," Working Papers, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section. 758, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  4. Ludger Wößmann, 2003. "Returns to education in Europe," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, Springer, vol. 139(2), pages 348-376, June.
  5. S. Illeris & G. Akehurst, 2002. "Introduction," The Service Industries Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(1), pages 1-3, January.
  6. Ludger Wößmann & Martin R. West, 2002. "Class-Size Effects in School Systems Around the World: Evidence from Between-Grade Variation in TIMSS," Kiel Working Papers 1099, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  7. West, Martin R. & Wößmann, Ludger, 2006. "Which school systems sort weaker students into smaller classes? International evidence," Munich Reprints in Economics, University of Munich, Department of Economics 19694, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  8. Wößmann, Ludger, 2005. "Educational production in Europe," Munich Reprints in Economics, University of Munich, Department of Economics 19656, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  9. Michael Fertig & Robert E. Wright, 2003. "School Quality, Educational Attainment and Aggregation Bias," RWI Discussion Papers, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung 0009, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.
  10. Hans J. Baumgartner, 2003. "Kleinere Schulklassen: Wirklich nützlich?: Für Westdeutschland zeigt sich kein Einfluss auf Einstiegsgehälter," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 70(42), pages 638-640.
  11. Robert J. Barro, 2001. "Human Capital and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 91(2), pages 12-17, May.
  12. Joshua D. Angrist & Victor Lavy, 1999. "Using Maimonides' Rule To Estimate The Effect Of Class Size On Scholastic Achievement," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 114(2), pages 533-575, May.
  13. Ludger Woszmann, 2003. "Specifying Human Capital," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(3), pages 239-270, 07.
  14. Caroline M. Hoxby, 2000. "The Effects Of Class Size On Student Achievement: New Evidence From Population Variation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 115(4), pages 1239-1285, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Ludger Wö�mann, 2006. "Bildungspolitische Lehren aus den internationalen Schülertests: Wettbewerb, Autonomie und externe Leistungsüberprüfung," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 7(3), pages 417-444, 08.

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