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Does Competition Affect Giving? An Experimental Study

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Author Info

  • John Duffy

    (University of Pittsburgh)

  • Tatiana Kornienko

    (University of Stirling)

Abstract

We explore whether natural human competitiveness can be exploited to stimulate charitable giving in a controlled laboratory experiment involving three different treatments of a sequential ``dictator game.'' Without disclosing the actual amounts given and kept, in each period players are publicly ranked -- by the amount they give away, by the amount they keep for themselves, or spuriously. Our results are generally supportive of the hypothesis that competitive urges can encourage or frustrate altruistic behavior, depending on the competitive frame. We find some support for an alternative hypothesis that relative concerns are due to information-gathering rather than competition.

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File URL: http://128.118.178.162/eps/exp/papers/0508/0508002.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Experimental with number 0508002.

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Length: 44 pages
Date of creation: 13 Aug 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpex:0508002

Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 44
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Web page: http://128.118.178.162

Related research

Keywords: Dictator game; repeated decisions; charitable giving; altruistic behavior; competitive altruism; status; relative standing; tournaments; motivation; information-based relative concerns;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Félix Muñoz-García, 2011. "Competition for status acquisition in public good games," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 63(3), pages 549-567, July.
  2. Catherine Eckel & Rick Wilson, 2007. "Social learning in coordination games: does status matter?," Experimental Economics, Springer, vol. 10(3), pages 317-329, September.

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