Does Competition Affect Giving? An Experimental Study
AbstractWe explore whether natural human competitiveness can be exploited to stimulate charitable giving in a controlled laboratory experiment involving three different treatments of a sequential ``dictator game.'' Without disclosing the actual amounts given and kept, in each period players are publicly ranked -- by the amount they give away, by the amount they keep for themselves, or spuriously. Our results are generally supportive of the hypothesis that competitive urges can encourage or frustrate altruistic behavior, depending on the competitive frame. We find some support for an alternative hypothesis that relative concerns are due to information-gathering rather than competition.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by EconWPA in its series Experimental with number 0508002.
Length: 44 pages
Date of creation: 13 Aug 2005
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Dictator game; repeated decisions; charitable giving; altruistic behavior; competitive altruism; status; relative standing; tournaments; motivation; information-based relative concerns;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C91 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
- D64 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Altruism; Philanthropy
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2005-11-09 (All new papers)
- NEP-CBE-2005-11-09 (Cognitive & Behavioural Economics)
- NEP-EVO-2005-11-09 (Evolutionary Economics)
- NEP-EXP-2005-11-09 (Experimental Economics)
- NEP-MIC-2005-11-09 (Microeconomics)
- NEP-PBE-2005-11-09 (Public Economics)
- NEP-SOC-2005-11-09 (Social Norms & Social Capital)
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