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The effect of foreign affiliate employment on wages, employment, and the wage share in Austria

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  • Özlem Onaran

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Vienna University of Economics & B.A.)

Abstract

This paper estimates the effects of outward Foreign Direct Investment (employment in the affiliates abroad) on employment, wages, and the wage share in Austria using panel data for the period of 1996-2005. There is evidence of significant negative effects of FDI on both employment and wages, and consequently on the wage share. The results are not limited to workers in low skilled sectors or blue collar workers. The negative employment effect is primarily due to the rise in the employment in the foreign affiliates in Eastern Euope. The negative wage effects are originating from affiliate employment in both the East and the developed countries in industry, but no effect is found in the total economy.

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Paper provided by Vienna University of Economics, Department of Economics in its series Department of Economics Working Papers with number wuwp118.

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Date of creation: Mar 2008
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwwuw:wuwp118

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  1. Braconier, Henrik & Ekholm, Karolina, 1999. "Swedish Multinationals and Competition from High- and Low-Wage Locations," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 2323, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  9. Head, Keith & Ries, John, 2002. "Offshore production and skill upgrading by Japanese manufacturing firms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 81-105, October.
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  11. Dani Rodrik, 1997. "Has Globalization Gone Too Far?," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 57, July.
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