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Conflict, Disasters, and No Jobs: Reasons for International Migration from Sub-Saharan Africa

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  • Naude, Wim

Abstract

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has the highest growth rate in net international migration in the world. The reasons for this migration are investigated in this paper. First, a survey of the literature on the profile and determinants of international migration in SSA is given. Second, panel data on 45 countries spanning the period 1965 to 2005 are used to determine that the main reasons for international migration from SSA are armed conflict and lack of job opportunities. An additional year of conflict will raise net out-migration by 1.35 per 1,000 inhabitants and an additional 1 per cent growth will reduce net out-migration by 1.31 per 1,000. Demographic and environmental pressures have a less important direct impact, but a more pronounced indirect impact on migration through conflict and job opportunities. In particular, the frequency of natural disasters has a positive and significant effect on the probability that a country will experience an outbreak of armed conflict. Furthermore, there is no evidence of a ?migration hump? or of persistence in net migration rates in SSA, and no evidence that immigration is causing conflict in host countries.

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File URL: http://www.wider.unu.edu/stc/repec/pdfs/rp2008/rp2008-85.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) in its series Working Paper Series with number RP2008/85.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:rp2008-85

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Keywords: international migration; conflict; natural disasters; environmental degradation; environmentally forced migration; Africa;

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Cited by:
  1. Michel BEINE & Christopher PARSONS, 2012. "Climatic factors as determinants of International Migration," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2012002, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  2. Drabo, Alassane & Mbaye, Linguère Mously, 2011. "Climate Change, Natural Disasters and Migration: An Empirical Analysis in Developing Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 5927, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Luca MARCHIORI & Jean-François MAYSTADT & Ingmar SCHUMACHER, 2011. "The Impact of Weather Anomalies on Migration in sub-Saharan Africa," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2011034, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).

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