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Determinants of the rural nonfarm economy in Tajikistan

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  • Atamanov, Aziz

    ()
    (UNU-MERIT/MGSoG)

  • Van den Berg, Marrit

    ()
    (Faculty of Development Economics, Wageningen University)

Abstract

This paper explores determinants of participation, intensity and the magnitude of the rural nonfarm economy (RNFE) in Tajikistan. Conducting analysis at the district level, in addition to traditional individual and household levels, helps to test the impact of institutional determinants of the RNFE invariant at the micro level. We have found that rural residents in Tajikistan are mostly pushed into nonfarm activities in areas with scarce land resources of poor quality. Moreover, market imperfections in the agricultural sector are also found to induce participation and intensity of the rural nonfarm activities. While nonfarm activities are found to be mostly driven by "push" factors, poor education and the access to infrastructure are found to be important barriers constraining the poor from participation in nonfarm activities.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT) in its series MERIT Working Papers with number 080.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:unm:unumer:2012080

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Keywords: Nonfarm economy; Determinants of Participation; Rural Economy; Tajikistan;

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References

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  1. Lerman, Zvi, 2008. "Tajikistan: An Overview of Land and Farm Structure Reforms," Discussion Papers, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Agricultural Economics and Management 6050, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Agricultural Economics and Management.
  2. Lanjouw, Peter & Murgai, Rinku, 2009. "Poverty decline, agricultural wages, and non-farm employment in rural India : 1983-2004," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4858, The World Bank.
  3. Marrit van den Berg & Girma Earo Kumbi, 2006. "Poverty and the rural nonfarm economy in Oromia, Ethiopia," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 35(s3), pages 469-475, November.
  4. Ivaschenko, Oleksiy & Mete, Cem, 2008. "Asset-Based Poverty in Rural Tajikistan: Who Climbs out and Who Falls in?," Working Paper Series, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) RP2008/26, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  5. Reardon, Thomas & Berdegue, Julio & Escobar, German, 2001. "Rural Nonfarm Employment and Incomes in Latin America: Overview and Policy Implications," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 395-409, March.
  6. Frank Ellis, 1998. "Household strategies and rural livelihood diversification," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(1), pages 1-38.
  7. Davis, Benjamin & Covarrubias, Katia & Stamoulis, Kostas G. & Winters, Paul C. & Carletto, Calogero & Quinones, Esteban & Zezza, Alberto & Di Giuseppe, Stefania, 2007. "Rural Income Generating Activities: A Cross Country Comparison," 106th Seminar, October 25-27, 2007, Montpellier, France, European Association of Agricultural Economists 7913, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  8. Escobal, Javier, 2001. "The Determinants of Nonfarm Income Diversification in Rural Peru," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 497-508, March.
  9. Mark Ottoni Wilhelm, 2008. "Practical Considerations for Choosing Between Tobit and SCLS or CLAD Estimators for Censored Regression Models with an Application to Charitable Giving," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 70(4), pages 559-582, 08.
  10. Jonasson, Erik & Helfand, Steven M., 2010. "How Important are Locational Characteristics for Rural Non-agricultural Employment? Lessons from Brazil," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 38(5), pages 727-741, May.
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