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Activity Choice in Rural Non-farm Employment (RNFE): Survival versus accumulative strategy

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  • Bezu, Sosina
  • Barrett, Christopher B.

Abstract

This paper examines the nonfarm employment choice of individuals using panel data from Ethiopia that covers the period 1994-2004. Non-farm activities that require more resources in the form of skill or capital yield higher returns but employ proportionately fewer people. Women have lower participation rate than men, and those women who participate are often engaged in low-return activities. The econometric results suggest that the factors that influence individuals’ decision to participate in non-farm employment differ for the different types of activities. Determinants of participation in high-return activities are dominated by capacity variables. Determinants of participation in low-return activities are dominated by push factors. Education is the only factor that has the same (positive) impact on the likelihood of participation in all types on non-farm employment. Education was also found to have more impact on participation of women.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 55034.

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Date of creation: 31 Apr 2010
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:55034

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Keywords: Non-farm; off-farm; non-agriculture; income diversification; women employment; Ethiopia;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Bezabih, Mintewab & Gebreegziabher, Zenebe & GebreMedhin, Liyousew & Kohlin, Gunnar, 2010. "Participation in Off-Farm Employment, Risk Preferences, and Weather Variability: The Case of Ethiopia," 2010 AAAE Third Conference/AEASA 48th Conference, September 19-23, 2010, Cape Town, South Africa, African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE);Agricultural Economics Association of South Afri 95784, African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE);Agricultural Economics Association of South Africa (AEASA).

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