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Information and communications technologies,coordination and control, and the distribution of income

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  • Frederick Guy

    ()
    (Birkbeck College)

  • Peter Skott

    ()
    (University of Massachusetts Amherst)

Abstract

We consider the links between information and communications technologies (ICTs) and the distribution of income, as mediated by problems of coordination and control within organizations. In the large corporations of the mid-twentieth century, a highly developed division of labor was coordinated and controlled with the aid of relatively underdeveloped ICTs. This created a situation in which the options of top manage- ment were constrained while the individual and collective power of lower paid workers was enhanced. Only in the late twentieth century, when the microprocessor and re- lated technologies transformed the information systems of organizations, did improve- ments in the tools of coordination and control race ahead of the growing demands of coordination and control. These technological changes have reduced the power of lower-paid employees, increased that for higher-paid employees, and led to an increase in income inequality. Thus, the more important aspects of new technology relate to the "power-bias", rather than the "skill-bias", of technological change. JEL Categories: J31, O33

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Economics in its series UMASS Amherst Economics Working Papers with number 2007-11.

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Date of creation: Sep 2007
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Handle: RePEc:ums:papers:2007-11

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Keywords: communications technology; power-biased technical change; inequality; work intensity; efficiency wage.;

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Cited by:
  1. Fabián Slonimczyk & Peter Skott, 2012. "Employment and Distribution Effects of the Minimum Wage," UMASS Amherst Economics Working Papers 2012-05, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Economics.
  2. Peter Skott, 2011. "Heterodox macro after the crisis," UMASS Amherst Economics Working Papers 2011-23, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Economics.

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