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Are Skill Requirements in the Workplace Rising? Stylized Facts and Evidence on Skill-Biased Technological Change

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  • Spitz, Alexandra
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    Abstract

    The present analysis investigates skill requirements in the workplace, measured directly by the task-composition of occupations. It shows that the task composition of occupations has shifted toward analytical and interactive activities and away from manual and cognitive routine activities in West Germany between 1979 and 1999. These withinoccupational task changes account for around 50 percent of the educational upgrading in recent decades. The analysis shows additionally that computer technology is complementary to workers in executing analytical and interactive activities, whereas it substitutes for workers in performing manual and cognitive routine tasks. This relationship exists within occupations, within occupation-education groups and within occupation-age groups. --

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 04-33.

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    Date of creation: 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:1859

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    Keywords: occupational skill requirements; skill-biased technological change;

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    Citations

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    Cited by:
    1. Spitz, Alexandra, 2004. "Using Methods of Treatment Evaluation to Estimate the Wage Effect of IT Usage," ZEW Discussion Papers 04-67, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    2. Ludwig, Volker & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2005. "Abschreibungsraten allgemeiner und beruflicher Ausbildungsinhalte," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-36, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    3. Borghans, Lex & ter Weel, Bas & Weinberg, Bruce A., 2005. "People People: Social Capital and the Labor-Market Outcomes of Underrepresented Groups," IZA Discussion Papers 1494, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Emilie Bourdu & Olivier Bouba-Olga, 2012. "Évaluation d'impact d'un nouveau service public de formation professionnelle," Post-Print hal-00613021, HAL.
    5. Osikominu, Aderonke, 2005. "Eine Analyse der Teilnehmerselektion in die berufliche Weiterbildung auf Basis der Integrierten Erwerbsbiografien (IEB)," IAB-Forschungsbericht 200523, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    6. Ardiana N. Gashi & Geoff Pugh & Nick Adnett, 2010. "Technological change and employer-provided training: evidence from UK workplaces," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 31(4), pages 426-448, July.
    7. Joachim Ragnitz & Stefan Eichler & Beate Grundig & Harald Lehmann & Carsten Pohl & Lutz Schneider & Helmut Seitz & Marcel Thum, 2007. "Die demographische Entwicklung in Ostdeutschland : Gutachten im Auftrag des Bundesministeriums für Wirtschaft und Technologie," ifo Dresden Studien, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 41.
    8. Uschi Backes-Gellner & Johannes Mure & Simone Tuor, 2006. "The Puzzle of Non-Participation in Continuing Training – An Empirical Study of Permanent vs. Occasional Non-Participation," Economics of Education Working Paper Series 0004, University of Zurich, Institute for Strategy and Business Economics (ISU).
    9. Spitz, Alexandra, 2005. "The Effects of Changes in the Unemployment Compensation System on the Adoption of IT by Older Workers," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-40, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.

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