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Teacher Pension Systems, the Composition of the Teaching Workforce, and Teacher Quality

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Abstract

Teacher pension systems impose large penalties on individuals who separate too soon or remain employed too long. The penalties result in the retention of some teachers who would otherwise choose to leave, and the premature exit of some teachers who would otherwise choose to stay. We examine how these compositional effects of teacher pension systems influence the quality of the teaching workforce, conditional on individuals who initially select into teaching. We find no evidence that the pull and push incentives raise teacher quality, and if anything, we find modest negative effects. Our results support future experimentation with compensation schemes for educators that are not so heavily backloaded.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Missouri in its series Working Papers with number 1109.

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Length: 38 pgs.
Date of creation: 31 Aug 2011
Date of revision: 10 Apr 2012
Handle: RePEc:umc:wpaper:1109

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Keywords: Educator Pensions; Teacher Pensions; Backloaded Compensation; Teacher Pensions and Teacher Quality; Teacher Compensation; Selection into Teaching;

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  1. Jesse Rothstein, 2008. "Teacher Quality in Educational Production: Tracking, Decay, and Student Achievement," NBER Working Papers 14442, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Daniel Aaronson & Lisa Barrow & William Sander, 2002. "Teachers and student achievement in the Chicago public high schools," Working Paper Series WP-02-28, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  3. Matthew Ronfeldt & Hamilton Lankford & Susanna Loeb & James Wyckoff, 2011. "How Teacher Turnover Harms Student Achievement," NBER Working Papers 17176, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Eric A. Hanushek & Steven G. Rivkin, 2010. "Generalizations about Using Value-Added Measures of Teacher Quality," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(2), pages 267-71, May.
  5. Philipp Kircher & Iourii Manovski & Fane Nadja Groes, 2009. "The U-Shapes of Occupational Mobility," 2009 Meeting Papers 26, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  6. Courtney Coile & Jonathan Gruber, 2007. "Future Social Security Entitlements and the Retirement Decision," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 89(2), pages 234-246, May.
  7. Donald Boyd & Pam Grossman & Hamilton Lankford & Susanna Loeb & James Wyckoff, 2008. "Who Leaves? Teacher Attrition and Student Achievement," NBER Working Papers 14022, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Cory Koedel & Julian Betts, 2009. "Does Student Sorting Invalidate Value-Added Models of Teacher Effectiveness? An Extended Analysis of the Rothstein Critique," Working Papers 0902, Department of Economics, University of Missouri.
  9. Leora Friedberg & Michael Owyang, 2004. "Explaining the Evolution of Pension Structure and Job Tenure," NBER Working Papers 10714, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Harris, Douglas N. & Adams, Scott J., 2007. "Understanding the level and causes of teacher turnover: A comparison with other professions," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 325-337, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Maria D. Fitzpatrick, 2013. "Retiree Health Insurance for Public School Employees: Does it Affect Retirement?," CESifo Working Paper Series 4415, CESifo Group Munich.
  2. Maria D. Fitzpatrick & Michael F. Lovenheim, 2013. "Early Retirement Incentives and Student Achievement," NBER Working Papers 19281, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Cory Koedel & Shawn Ni & Michael Podgursky, 2012. "Who Benefits from Pension Enhancements?," Working Papers 1207, Department of Economics, University of Missouri, revised 08 Jun 2012.

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