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Data games: Sharing public goods with exclusion

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  • Pierre Dehez
  • Daniela Tellone

Abstract

A group of firms decides to cooperate on a project that requires a combination of inputs held by some of them. These inputs are non-rival but excludable goods i.e. public goods with exclusion such as knowledge, data or information, patents or copyrights. We address the question of how firms should be compensated for the inputs they contribute. We show that this problem can be framed within a cost sharing game whose Shapley comes out as a natural solution. The main result concerns the regular structure of the core that enables a simple characterization of the nucleolus. However, compared to the Shapley value, the nucleolus defines compensations that appear to be less appropriate in the context of data sharing. Our analysis is inspired by the problem faced by the European chemical firms within the regulation program REACH that requires submission by 2018 of a detailed analysis of the substances they produce, import or use.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg in its series Working Papers of BETA with number 2011-04.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:ulp:sbbeta:2011-04

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Keywords: cost sharing; Shapley value; core; nucleolus.;

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  1. Sylvain Béal & Marc DESCHAMPS & Joël-Thomas Ravix & Olivier Sautel, 2010. "Les informations exigées par la législation REACH : Analyse du partage des coûts," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, Dalloz, vol. 120(6), pages 991-1014.
  2. Pierre Dehez & Daniela Tellone, 2013. "Data Games: Sharing Public Goods with Exclusion," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 15(4), pages 654-673, 08.
  3. Thierry Burger-Helmchen & Laurence Frank, 2011. "La création de rentes : une approche par les compétences et capacités dynamiques," Innovations, De Boeck Université, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(2), pages 89-111.
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Cited by:
  1. Pierre Dehez & Daniela Tellone, 2009. "Data Games : Sharing public goods with exclusion," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2009-31, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  2. Dai, Meixing & Sidiropoulos, Moïse, 2011. "Fiscal disciplining effect of central bank opacity: Stackelberg versus Nash equilibrium," MPRA Paper 29843, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Houda Ghaya, 2011. "Board of Directors’ Involvement in Strategic Decision Making Process: Definition and Literature Review," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2011-22, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  4. Sylvain Béal & Eric Rémila & Philippe Solal, 2012. "Compensations in the Shapley value and the compensation solutions for graph games," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer, Springer, vol. 41(1), pages 157-178, February.
  5. Pierre Dehez & Sophie Poukens, 2013. "The Shapley value as a guide to FRAND licensing agreements," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2013-03, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  6. Dai, Meixing, 2011. "Motivations and strategies for a real revaluation of the Yuan," MPRA Paper 30440, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Sylvain Béal & Marc Deschamps, 2014. "On compensation schemes for data sharing within the european REACH legislation," Working Papers, CRESE 2014-01, CRESE.
  8. Julien Jacob, 2011. "Innovation and diffusion in risky industries under liability law: the case of “double-impact” innovations," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2011-24, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  9. Jenny Monheim-Helstroffer & Marie Obidzinski, 2011. "The EU legislation game: the case of asylum law," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2011-16, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.

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