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On compensation schemes for data sharing within the european REACH legislation

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  • Sylvain Béal

    ()
    (CRESE, Université de Franche-Comté)

  • Marc Deschamps

    ()
    (Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, GREDEG (CNRS UMR 7321) and BETA (CNRS 7522))

Abstract

Article 30 of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 concerns the sharing of data between users of a chemical substance. We study this bargaining problem by means of a special class of games in coalitional form called data games (Dehez and Tellone, 2013). For such problems, compensation schemes specify how the data owners should be compensated by the agents in needs of data. On the class of data games, the Core, the Nucleolus and the Shapley value provide relevant compensation schemes. We provide three comparable axiomatic characterizations of the set of all (additive) compensation schemes belonging to the Core, of the Nucleolus and of the Shapley value. The axioms reflects principles of various theories of justice.

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File URL: http://crese.univ-fcomte.fr/WP-2014-01.pdf
File Function: First version, 2014
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CRESE in its series Working Papers with number 2014-01.

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Length: 13 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:crb:wpaper:2014-01

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Keywords: REACH; Data sharing problem; Core; Nucleolus; Shapley value; Pooling; Compensation; Reasonableness; Invariance to deleting non-exclusive data; Equal treatment of Equals; Invariance to enlarging the owner set; Equal concessions;

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  1. Pierre Dehez & Daniela Tellone, 2009. "Data Games : Sharing public goods with exclusion," Working Papers of BETA 2009-31, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  2. Sylvain Béal & Marc DESCHAMPS & Joël-Thomas Ravix & Olivier Sautel, 2010. "Les informations exigées par la législation REACH : Analyse du partage des coûts," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 120(6), pages 991-1014.
  3. André Casajus & Helfried Labrenz & Tobias Hiller, 2009. "Majority shareholder protection by variable qualified majority rules," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 28(1), pages 9-18, August.
  4. Spiller, Pablo T., 1992. "Rationality, decision rules, and collegial courts," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 186-190, June.
  5. Silvia Fedeli & Francesco Forte, 2001. "Voting Powers and the Efficiency of the Decision-Making Process in the European Council of Ministers," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 5-38, July.
  6. William Thomson, 2001. "On the axiomatic method and its recent applications to game theory and resource allocation," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer, vol. 18(2), pages 327-386.
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