SCHOOLING AND VOTER TURNOUT: Is there an American Exception?
AbstractOne of the most consistent findings in studies of electoral behaviour is that individuals with higher education have a greater propensity to vote. The nature of this relationship is much debated, with US studies generally finding evidence of a causal relationship, while European studies generally reporting no causal effect. To assess whether the US is an exception we rely on an international dataset incorporating 38 countries, the ISSP (International Social Survey Programme) from 1985 to 2010. Both instrumental variable and multi-level modelling approaches, reveals that the US is an outlier regarding the relationship between education and voter turnout. Moreover country-specific institutional and economic factors do not explain the heterogeneity in the relationship of interest. Alternatively, we show that disenfranchisement laws in the U.S. mediates the effect of education on voter turnout, such that the education gradient in voting is greater in U.S. States with the harshest disenfranchisement legislature. As such, the observed relationship between education and voting is partly driven by the effect of education on crime.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Geary Institute, University College Dublin in its series Working Papers with number 201210.
Length: 44 pages
Date of creation: 10 Apr 2012
Date of revision:
Voter turnout; Education; Disenfranchisement laws;
Other versions of this item:
- Chevalier, Arnaud & Doyle, Orla, 2012. "Schooling and Voter Turnout: Is there an American Exception?," IZA Discussion Papers 6539, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Arnaud Chevalier & Orla Doyle, 2012. "Schooling and Voter Turnout - Is there an American Exception?," Working Papers 201213, School Of Economics, University College Dublin.
- D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
- I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
- K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-04-17 (All new papers)
- NEP-CDM-2012-04-17 (Collective Decision-Making)
- NEP-EDU-2012-04-17 (Education)
- NEP-LAB-2012-04-17 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-POL-2012-04-17 (Positive Political Economics)
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