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The U-Shaped Productivity Dynamics of French Exporters

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  • Lionel Nesta

    (OFCE)

  • Flora Bellone

    (Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion)

  • Patrick Musso

    (Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion)

  • Michel Quéré

    (Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion)

Abstract

Sunk costs due to entry into foreign markets are used as the main justification of the relationship between firm productivity and exports. We use a large-scale dataset on French manufacturing firms to evaluate how sunk costs affect the productivity of new exporters. We find that the typical productivity dynamics of a new exporter is U-shaped. Prior to entry into export markets, firm productivity temporarily decreases. It recovers contemporaneously with entry, as the benefits from sales to foreign markets are harvested. This pattern is more pronounced for intensively exporting firms and for firms operating in capital intensive or high technology sectors.

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Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number 2007-01.

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Date of creation: Jan 2007
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Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/6128

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Vu, Van Huong, 2012. "Higher productivity in Exporters: self-selection, learning by exporting or both? Evidence from Vietnamese manufacturing SMEs," MPRA Paper 40708, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Lionel Nesta & Flora Bellone & Patrick Musso & Stefano Schiavo, 2008. "Financial constraints as a barrier to export participation," Sciences Po publications 29, Sciences Po.
  3. Nakhoda, Aadil, 2012. "The influence of financial leverage of firms on their international trading activities," MPRA Paper 35765, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Francesco Serti & Chiara Tomasi, 2007. "Self Selection and Post-Entry effects of Exports. Evidence from Italian Manufacturing firms," LEM Papers Series 2007/20, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
  5. Matthieu Crozet & Isabelle Méjean & Soledad Zignago, 2011. "Plus grandes, plus fortes, plus loin.... Les performances des firmes exportatrices françaises," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 62(4), pages 717-736.
  6. Fabling, Richard & Sanderson, Lynda, 2013. "Exporting and firm performance: Market entry, investment and expansion," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(2), pages 422-431.
  7. Minetti, Raoul & Zhu, Susan Chun, 2011. "Credit constraints and firm export: Microeconomic evidence from Italy," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 83(2), pages 109-125, March.
  8. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/9948 is not listed on IDEAS
  9. Flora Bellone & Patrick Musso & Lionel Nesta & Stefano Schiavo, 2010. "Financial Constraints and Firm Export Behaviour," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(3), pages 347-373, 03.
  10. Kent Eliasson & Pär Hansson & Markus Lindvert, 2012. "Do firms learn by exporting or learn to export? Evidence from small and medium-sized enterprises," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 39(2), pages 453-472, September.
  11. Vincenzo Verardi & Joachim Wagner, 2010. "Productivity premia for German manufacturing firms exporting to the Euro-area and beyond: First evidence from robust fixed effects estimations," Working Paper Series in Economics 172, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  12. Joachim Wagner, 2008. "Exports, Imports, and Productivity at the Firm Level. An International Perspective: Introduction by Guest Editor," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 144(4), pages 591-595, December.

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