Income Inequality and Health: Evidence from Developed and Developing Countries
AbstractWe assess the effect of income inequality on life expectancy by performing separate estimations for developed and developing countries. Our empirical analysis challenges the widely held view that inequality matters more for health in richer countries than for health in poorer countries. Employing panel cointegration and conventional panel regressions, we find that income inequality increases life expectancy in developed countries. By contrast, the effect on life expectancy is significantly negative in developing countries. While the quantitative effects are small, the striking contrast between the two country groups proves to be robust to modifications in measurement, specification and methodological choices.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Helmut Schmidt University, Hamburg in its series Working Paper with number 141/2014.
Length: 54 pages
Date of creation: 17 Apr 2014
Date of revision:
health; inequality; panel cointegration;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
- I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGE-2014-04-29 (Economics of Ageing)
- NEP-ALL-2014-04-29 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2014-04-29 (Development)
- NEP-HEA-2014-04-29 (Health Economics)
- NEP-LTV-2014-04-29 (Unemployment, Inequality & Poverty)
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