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The impact of armed conflict on economic performance. Evidence from Rwanda

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  • Serneels , Pieter

    ()
    (University of East Anglia)

  • Verpoorten , Marijke

    ()
    (University of Antwerp)

Abstract

Important gaps remain in the understanding of the economic consequences of civil war. Focusing on the conflict in Rwanda in the early 90s, and using micro data to carry out econometric analysis, this paper finds that households and localities that experienced more intense conflict are lagging behind in terms of consumption six years after the conflict, a finding that is robust to taking into account the endogeneity of violence. Significantly different returns to land and labour are observed between zones that experienced low and high intensity conflict which is consistent with on-going recovery. Distinguishing between civil war and genocide, the findings also provide evidence that these returns, and by implication the process of recovery, depend on the form of violence.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Network of European Peace Scientists in its series NEPS Working Papers with number 5/2012.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: 05 Sep 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ris:nepswp:2012_005

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Keywords: civil war; economic growth; Rwanda; human capital;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Thorbecke, Erik, 2014. "The structural anatomy and institutional architecture of inclusive growth in sub-Saharan Africa," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  2. Giacomo De Luca & Marijke Verpoorten, 2011. "From vice to virtue? Civil war and social capital in Uganda," LICOS Discussion Papers 29811, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
  3. Andrea Guariso & Marijke Verpoorten, 2014. "Armed conflict and schooling in Rwanda: Digging deeper," HiCN Working Papers 166, Households in Conflict Network.
  4. Giulia La Mattina, 2014. "Civil Conflict, Sex Ratio and Intimate Partner Violence in Rwanda," HiCN Working Papers 175, Households in Conflict Network.
  5. Bove, Vincenzo & Gavrilova, Evelina, 2014. "Income and Livelihoods in the War in Afghanistan," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 113-131.

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