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Armed Conflict and Schooling: Evidence from the 1994 Rwandan Genocide

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Author Info

  • Akresh, Richard

    ()
    (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

  • de Walque, Damien

    ()
    (World Bank)

Abstract

To examine the impact of Rwanda’s 1994 genocide on children’s schooling, the authors combine two cross-sectional household surveys collected before and after the genocide. The identification strategy uses pre-war data to control for an age group’s baseline schooling and exploits variation across provinces in the intensity of killings and which children’s cohorts were school-aged when exposed to the war. The findings show a strong negative impact of the genocide on schooling, with exposed children completing one-half year less education representing an 18.3 percent decline. The effect is robust to including control variables, alternative sources for genocide intensity, and an instrumental variables strategy.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3516.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: May 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3516

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Keywords: civil war; human capital investment; education; genocide; Africa;

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