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Schooling, violent conflict, and gender in Burundi

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  • Verwimp, Philip
  • Van Bavel, Jan

Abstract

This paper investigates the effect of exposure to violent conflict on human capital accumulation in Burundi. It combines a nationwide household survey with secondary sources on the location and timing of the conflict. Only 20 percent of the birth cohorts studied (1971-1986) completed primary education. Depending on the specification, the probability of completing primary schooling for a boy exposed to violent conflict declines by 7 to 17 percentage points compared to a nonexposed boy, with a decline of 11 percentage points in the preferred specification. In addition, exposure to violent conflict reduces the gender gap in schooling, but only for girls from nonpoor households. Forced displacement is one of the channels through which conflict affects schooling. The results are robust to various specifications and estimation methods.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6418.

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Date of creation: 01 Apr 2013
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6418

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Keywords: Post Conflict Reconstruction; Education For All; Population Policies; Rural Poverty Reduction; Primary Education;

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References

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  1. Maarten J. Voors & Eleonora E. M. Nillesen & Philip Verwimp & Erwin H. Bulte & Robert Lensink & Daan P. Van Soest, 2012. "Violent Conflict and Behavior: A Field Experiment in Burundi," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(2), pages 941-64, April.
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Cited by:
  1. Domingues, Patrick, 2011. "Civil War Exposure And School Enrolment:Evidence From The Mozambican Civil War," NEPS Working Papers 1/2011, Network of European Peace Scientists.

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