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Violent Conflict and Human Capital Accumulation

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  • Patricia Justino

    ()
    (Institute of Development Studies (IDS), University of Sussex)

Abstract

This paper reviews and discusses available empirical research on the impact of violent conflict on the level and access to education of civilian and combatant populations affected by violence. Three main themes emerge from this empirical review. The first is that relatively minor shocks to educational access can lead to significant and long-lasting detrimental effects on individual human capital formation in terms of educational attainment, health outcomes and labour market opportunities. Secondly, the destruction of infrastructure, the absence of teachers and reductions in schooling capacity affect secondary schooling disproportionately. Finally, the exposure of households to violence results in significant gender differentials in individual educational outcomes. The paper then turns its attention to the specific mechanisms that link violent conflict with educational outcomes, an area largely unexplored in the literatures on conflict and education. The paper focuses six key mechanisms: soldiering, household labour allocation decisions, fear, changes in returns to education, targeting of schools, teachers and students and displacement.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Households in Conflict Network in its series HiCN Working Papers with number 99.

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Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hic:wpaper:99

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References

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  1. Patricia Justino & Philip Verwimp, 2006. "Poverty Dynamics, Violent Conflict and Convergence in Rwanda," HiCN Working Papers, Households in Conflict Network 16, Households in Conflict Network.
  2. Olga Shemyakina, 2006. "The Effect of Armed Conflict on Accumulation of Schooling: Results from Tajikistan," HiCN Working Papers, Households in Conflict Network 12, Households in Conflict Network.
  3. Andrea Ichino & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, 2004. "The Long-Run Educational Cost of World War II," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 22(1), pages 57-86, January.
  4. Brakman, Steven & Garretsen, Harry & Schramm, Marc, 2002. "The strategic bombing of German cities during World War II and its impact on city growth," Research Report, University of Groningen, Research Institute SOM (Systems, Organisations and Management) 03C03, University of Groningen, Research Institute SOM (Systems, Organisations and Management).
  5. Alderman,Harold & Hoddinott, John & Kinsey, Bill, 2003. "Long-term consequences of early childhood malnutrition," FCND briefs, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 168, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  6. Thomas, Duncan & Beegle, Kathleen & Frankenberg, Elizabeth & Sikoki, Bondan & Strauss, John & Teruel, Graciela, 2004. "Education in a crisis," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 53-85, June.
  7. Bundervoet, Tom & Verwimp, Philip & Akresh, Richard, 2007. "Health and Civil War in Rural Burundi," IZA Discussion Papers 2951, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Valerie Cerra & Sweta Chaman Saxena, 2008. "Growth Dynamics: The Myth of Economic Recovery," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 98(1), pages 439-57, March.
  9. Patricia Justino, 2009. "Poverty and Violent Conflict: A Micro-Level Perspective on the Causes and Duration of Warfare," Journal of Peace Research, Peace Research Institute Oslo, Peace Research Institute Oslo, vol. 46(3), pages 315-333, May.
  10. Oded Galor, 2006. "The Demographic Transition," Working Papers, Brown University, Department of Economics 2006-24, Brown University, Department of Economics.
  11. Mevlude Akbulut-Yuksel, 2009. "Children of War: The Long-Run Effects of Large-Scale Physical Destruction and Warfare on Children," HiCN Working Papers, Households in Conflict Network 62, Households in Conflict Network.
  12. Eik Leong Swee, 2009. "On War and Schooling Attainment: The Case of Bosnia and Herzegovina," HiCN Working Papers, Households in Conflict Network 57, Households in Conflict Network.
  13. Ouarda Merrouche, 2006. "The Human Capital Cost of Landmine Contamination in Cambodia," HiCN Working Papers, Households in Conflict Network 25, Households in Conflict Network.
  14. David Evans & Edward Miguel, 2007. "Orphans and schooling in africa: a longitudinal analysis," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 44(1), pages 35-57, February.
  15. Patricia Justino, 2010. "War and Poverty," Research Working Papers, MICROCON - A Micro Level Analysis of Violent Conflict 32, MICROCON - A Micro Level Analysis of Violent Conflict.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Domingues, Patrick, 2011. "Civil War Exposure And School Enrolment:Evidence From The Mozambican Civil War," NEPS Working Papers, Network of European Peace Scientists 1/2011, Network of European Peace Scientists.
  2. Yashodhan Ghorpade, 2012. "Coping Strategies in Natural Disasters and under Conflict: A Review of Household Responses and Notes for Public Policy," HiCN Working Papers, Households in Conflict Network 136, Households in Conflict Network.
  3. Verwimp, Philip & Van Bavel, Jan, 2013. "Schooling, violent conflict, and gender in Burundi," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 6418, The World Bank.
  4. Searing, Elizabeth A.M. & Rios-Avila, Fernando & Lecy, Jesse D., 2013. "The impact of psychological trauma on wages in post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 165-173.

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